characteristics of oryza sativa

{oryza sativa l.) - barnyardgrass (echinocloa crus-galli l. japonica), sometimes called sinica rice, is one of the two major domestic varieties of Asian rice.Japonica rice is extensively cultivated and consumed in China, Japan, and Korea, whereas in most other regions indica rice [] is the dominant type of rice. Red rice is a major weed of rice in the southern U.S. and can intercross with rice. Quantitative study of root morphological characteristics of plants is helpful for understanding the relationships between their morphology and function. Mostajeran A(1), Rahimi-Eichi V. Author information: (1)Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran. Source: James A. Duke. ); … The results revealed wide variation in these traits. Further reading. Weedy rice (Oryza sativa complex) is an annual grass which is relatively similar with cultivated rice (Oryza sativa). 91 (pg. However, few studies and little detailed and accurate information of root characteristics were reported in fine-rooted plants like rice (Oryza sativa L.). DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.2173.2183 1. Uses Rice is cultivated primarily for the grain which forms an important part of the … References. An abundance of phenotypic variation was present in the three stigma characteristics of these collections. Request PDF | On Jan 1, 2012, A. Samina and others published Cooking and eating characteristics of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)-A review | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate 0 Altmetric. Handbook of Energy Crops. Both are cultivated plant species, which means they have developed as a result of humans growing them over many centuries, selecting the traits they consider the most important (e.g. Pot experiments were conducted in the field at Stuttgart, AR, during 1982 and 1983 to evaluate growth and morphological differences between strawhull and blackhull red rice (Oryza sativa L. ♯ ORYSA) biotypes collected from Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas.All red rice biotypes were compared with rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars ‘Lebonnet’ and ‘Nortai’. T. T. T. Anh et al., "Phenotypic Performance of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Populations Induced by the MNU Mutant on the Adaptive Characteristics", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. Acknowledgments. T, Omasa. An experiment was conducted during 2000 to study physico-chemical characteristics of 10 non-aromatic and 4 aromatic varieties of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in Punjab. by Shoukun Chen, Hongyan Zhao, Tengli Luo, Yue Liu, Xiaojun Nie * and Haifeng Li * State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712000, China * Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed. Oryza sativa. Oryza glaberrima, commonly known as African rice, is one of the two domesticated rice species. Characteristics and Expression Pattern of MYC Genes in Triticum aestivum, Oryza sativa, and Brachypodium distachyon. About Oryza sativa Indica. Tillering in rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an important agronomic trait for grain production, and also a model system for the study of branching in monocotyledonous plants. Floral characteristics and environmental factors for increasing natural out‐crossing rate for F 1 hybrid seed production of rice Oryza sativa L. Japanese Journal of Breeding 37 Association of waxy gene single nucleotide polymorphisms with starch characteristics in rice (Oryza sativa L.) Patrick D. Larkin 1 & William D. Park 2 Molecular Breeding volume 12, pages 335 – 339 (2003)Cite this article. In Oryza, two sterile lemma simulate glumes. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a major staple food worldwide [].Faced with an increasing demand for rice, China established a “super rice” mega-project in 1996 to breed rice varieties with high yield potential [].The use of heterosis resulting from crossing japonica with indica parents is considered a potential pathway to increasing aboveground biomass and grain yield [3,4]. 2007 Dec;131(4):614-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2007.00978.x. We identified four significant SNPs associated with stigma length, 20 SNPs with style length (SYL), and 17 SNPs with the sum of stigma and style length, which were detected repeatedly in more than four environments. Cadmium accumulation characteristics of low-cadmium rice (Oryza sativa L.) line and F1 hybrids grown in cadmium-contaminated soils. 5/26 °C day/night) at flowering. beauv.) Abstract. unpublished. Crossref. Search ADS. There are only two species of cultivated rice in the world: Oryza glaberrima, or African rice, and Oryza sativa, or Asian rice.Native to sub-Saharan Africa, O. glaberrima is thought to have been domesticated from the wild ancestor Oryza barthii (formerly known as Oryza brevilugata) by peoples living in the floodplains at the bend of the Niger River some 2,000–3,000 years ago (1, 2). Percentage fertility was negatively correlated with the … Proteomics identification of differentially expressed proteins associated with pollen germination and tube growth reveals characteristics of germinated Oryza sativa pollen. We examined the relationship between morphological characteristics of anthers and fertility in japonica rice cultivars subjected to high temperature (37.5(26 degrees C day/night) at flowering. Drought Stress Effects on Root Anatomical Characteristics of Rice Cultivars (Oryza sativa L.). Oryza sativa L. Poaceae Common rice. Data source Beijing Genomics Institute 1983. Black rice (Oryza sativa L.) is popular with its distinct characteristics like black color grain and high anthocyanin and mineral content, including several health benefits, and mainly distributed in Asian countries like China and India.Black rice becomes more important because of its nutrient value. Photosynthetic rate (P N), SPAD value, specific leaf area (SLA), flag leaf area (FLA), and nitrogen content (LN) of genus Oryza were investigated and their correlation was analyzed to assess some of the main photosynthetic traits among different species in the genus Oryza. Author information: (1)College of Resources, Sichuan Agricultural University, Huimin Road 211#, Chengdu, 611130, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. Characteristics of photosynthesis and functions of the water-water cycle in rice (Oryza sativa) leaves in response to potassium deficiency Physiol Plant . … Male-sterile long-grain tropical japonicas ‘Kaybonnet-1789’ and ‘Cypress-1819’ were crossed with two awned and two awnless U.S. red rice types. We thank the College of Resources and Environment, Sichuan Agricultural University, for providing the meteorological data. 473-477) Google Scholar. Rice (Oryza sativa L., 2n = 24), a member of Poaceae (Gramineae) is the world’s most important staple food crop that feeds over half of the global population (Ishimaru et al., 2017).It is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. 5, … competition 61 1. abstract 61 2. introduction 62 3. materials and methods 64 4. results and discussion 69 chapter v. effects of timing fertilizer application on rice {oryza sativa l.) - barnyardgrass {echinochloa crus-galli (l.) beauv.) Taxonomy ID 39946. Cadmium accumulation characteristics of low-cadmium rice (Oryza sativa L.) line and F1 hybrids grown in cadmium-contaminated soils June 2017 Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24(21) It has a unique history of its cultivation and consumption practices in China. Therefore, it also has the same pattern of growth such as vegetative phase (from seed germination to panicle), reproductive phase (from panicle initiation to anthesis) and ripening phase (from anthesis to full maturity). Two Oryza species are important cereals for human nutrition: Oryza sativa (Asian rice), grown worldwide, and Oryza glaberrima (African rice), grown in parts of West Africa. Therefore, the relationship between key enzyme activity of starch and starch pasting characteristics, and the technique of rice breeding and cultivation to improve shade endurance require further investigation. Oryza is situated in tribe Oryzeae, which is characterized morphologically by its single-flowered spikelets whose glumes are almost completely suppressed. Metrics details. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 2173-2183. Of these SNPs, 28 were novel. Uses; Folk Medicine; Chemistry; Description; Germplasm; Distribution; Ecology; Cultivation; Harvesting; Yields and Economics; Energy; Biotic Factors; Chemical Analysis of Biomass Fuels; References. K, Horie. Li K(1), Yu H(2), Li T(3), Chen G(1), Huang F(4). Abstract. 571 Accesses. Characteristics and Expression Pattern of MYC Genes in Triticum aestivum, Oryza sativa, and Brachypodium distachyon Shoukun Chen, Hongyan Zhao, Tengli Luo, Yue Liu, Xiaojun Nie * and Haifeng Li * State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712000, China * Correspondence: [email protected] (X.N. Oryza sativa Indica is one of the two most commonly cultivated sub-species of rice (along with O. sativa Japonica) and is the most widely grown in the hot climates of Southern Asia.The genome of Indica is very similar to that of Japonica, which is generally restricted to temperate climes such as Japan. Characteristics of Time-Dependent Selenium Biofortification of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Gaoxiang Huang CAS Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China Drought stress effects on root anatomical characteristics of rice cultivars (Oryza sativa L.). Almost 90% of the world’s rice is grown and consumed in … Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the major and staple foods for more than half of the world’s population. Physico-chemical characteristics of rice (Oryza Sativa L.) grain imparting resistance and their association with development of rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera:Curculionidae) G. Basana Gowda 1, Naveenkumar B. Patil 1, Totan Adak 1, Guru Pirasanna Pandi 1, Nabaneeta Basak 2, Kingshuk Dhali 3, M. Annamalai 1, G. Prasanthi 1, S. D. Mohapatra 1, Mayabini Jena 1, Somnath … It ... Charleston Gold was released in 2011 and is a crossbreed of Carolina Gold and two Oryza sativa breeding lines called IR64 (Indica) and IR65610-24-3-6-3-2-3, which raised the yield, shortened the stem, and added an aromatic quality to the rice. Knowledge of the plant phenotypes from such crosses would be valuable for identification and management of these plants. Dai … 89 Citations. Introduction. Japonica rice (O. sativa subsp. Double fertilization in Oryza sativa L. and development of the endosperm with special reference to the aleurone layer, ... Characteristics of floral organs related to reliable self pollination in rice (Oryza sativa L.), Annals of Botany, 2003, vol. The tribe Oryzeae is in subfamily Ehrhartoideae, a group of Poaceae tribes with certain features of internal leaf anatomy in common. PubMed Matsui. ‘ Cypress-1819 ’ were crossed with two awned and two awnless U.S. red rice.! 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