nursing research on diabetes mellitus

Men had better outcome in 2hrs blood glucose, concentration of insulin and insulin resistance than women due to 3-7% of weight reduction. In T1DM, insulin is deficient in the body due to autoimmune destruction of the β-cells (Remedi & Emfinger, 2016). Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance that is observed in the beginning of, or first acknowledged during pregnancy. The purpose of the study was to reduce the risk factors of diabetes through lifestyle modifications and environmental changes. Globally, people with diabetes mellitus were 2.8% in 2000 in all age groups. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), also known as type III diabetes mellitus, is one of the most common types of diabetes mellitus and considered the most common complication of pregnancy. 13th Feb 2020 One thousand and sixty four teachers (93.3%) responded to the knowledge part of the questionnaire. It was conducted in the year of 2006 between the period from 22ndAug to 7thDec. The Department of Endocrinology provides a tertiary level care in hormonal and metabolic disorders. This study investigated whether senior nursing students about to graduate from baccalaureate programs were knowledgeable enough about diabetes mellitus to teach diabetic patients and their families. Diabetes. The sample size of the study was 404. It can be controlled by diet, exercise, pills and insulin injections. This page has the most relevant and important nursing lecture notes, practice exam and nursing care plans on Diabetes Mellitus. People who have diabetes fall into one of two categories, referred to as Type 1 and 2. Further 94.1% of patients had non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and it was the most common prevalence. Types of Diabetes Mellitus Disease or Classification of Diabetes Mellitus: There are three major types of diabetes which are discussed in the below: 1. Diabetes was confirmed when the fasting blood glucose level of 140mg/dl and 2 hours blood glucose level of 200mg/dl after the uptake of 675g oral glucose tolerance test. Research in the treatment and care of diabetes is a growing and dynamic field. Control exerciser had greater perfusion than diabetic exerciser. blood sugar) is the primary source of energy for our body, and we get this through the food and drinks that we ingest.. Now, in most cases, our body controls the blood glucose level and keeps it within a healthy range. Five-point likert scale was used to collect the data from the samples. Blood flow was higher in the control sedentary group than in the diabetic sedentary group. Diabetes mellitus (DM) ... and neuropathy. Participants were separated into four groups based on a physical activity questionnaire – control exercise, control sedentary, diabetic exercise and sedentary subjects. More than 75% of patients were African- Americans and Hispanic. Qualitative Annotated Bibliography: Diabetes Mellitus Consider a potential problem (Diabetes mellitus) appropriate to your role as a Family Nurse Practitioner that you would like to investigate through nursing research. Between 2009 and 2034, the number of people with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes will increase from 23.7 million to 44.1million. Science teachers had better diabetic knowledge (89.6%) than Arts teachers (83.6%) [P. value -0.05 Chi. QfÊ ÃMlˆ¨@DE €£¡H¬ˆb!(¨`HPb0Š¨¨dFÖJ|yyïåå÷ǽßÚgïs÷Ù{Ÿµ. Immunoassay of growth hormone in human serum. Today, diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most prevalent diseases globally. Nursing Writers Service. Although plateauing in the increase in diabetes mellitus has been reported recently in some developed countries such as in the United States (Geiss et al., 2014), the world prevalence and incidence of diabetes mellitus are still increasing. A study was assessed regarding the etiology and natural history of diabetes. The samples of the study were 3,234 participants who were at high risk for diabetes from 27 centers. 1957; 13:473–510. Study for free with our range of nursing lectures! "Is this question part of your assignment? Explore this section of Nursing Times for the latest policy, workforce and research news on diabetes and endocrinology, plus clinical articles and opinion. During hospitalization, the number of inpatient death also peaked to threefold for every 10mg reduction of blood glucose level. : CD003286. Management of Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Care (2017) The guideline describes the critical decision points in the Management of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and provides clear and comprehensive evidence based recommendations incorporating current information and practices for practitioners throughout the DoD and VA Health Care systems. Among these 103 (56.59%) patients were men and 79 (43.41%) patients were women. Type I diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood or young adulthood, which is why The primary outcome of the study was the confirmation of non insulin diabetes mellitus based on WHO criteria. Expenses for the restaurant include raw material for pizza at… October 30, 2020. quick psychology research October 30, 2020. Lower baseline fasting blood glucose (hazard ratio 1.52) and 2 hours blood glucose (hazard ratio 1.24) reduced to Normal Glucose Regulation. With regard to HbA1C and hypoglycemia, there was no significant difference between the two groups. Prof MacLean of Guy's Hospital wrote in the Postgraduate Medical Journal in 1926 about the numerous challenges that faced patients and their healthcare professionals in delivering safe and effective diabetes care at that time. CiteScore: 5.4 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 5.4 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. The study concluded that long term diabetes is associated with increased osteoporotic fractures (Leslie William, 2007). Patients with diabetes undergo surgical procedures at a higher rate than do nondiabetic people.1,2 Major surgical operations require a period of fasting during which oral antidiabetic medications cannot be used. Globally, people with diabetes mellitus were 2.8% in 2000 in all age groups. Semi-structured interview was held by the trained social workers with the help of structured questionnaire. There were 171 million of patients with diabetes mellitus in 2000 and it is expected to raise the peak rate of 366 million by the year 2030. Whereas there was no improvement in the knowledge scores of patient in the control group. Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which the patient is unable to control blood glucose concentrations ( B Soria, 2000). Latest Research on Diabetes. The researcher analyzed the association of hypoglycemic episodes with death rate of inpatients and length of stay in the hospital with death rate of patients within one year after the discharge. Terranova, A. IS DIABETES MELLITUS WITH COMPLICATIONS As a healthcare administrator, it is important to know what the top 10 principal diagnoses are within your healthcare facility, system, locale, and state. Whereas 26.8% of age-sex related diabetic patients had diabetic retinopathy. There is a lot of research on diabetes happening all around the world and the latest include: March 19, 2015: Research to Identify and Correctly Treat Rare Forms of Diabetes Some very rare forms of diabetes are caused by single gene mutations. Knowledge scores of patients improved in the experimental group. So, obesity is one of the dangerous risk factors for diabetes mellitus (Sarah Wild, et al., 2004). Interviews were conducted with 37 of these with previously diagnosed Diabetes. The results revealed that the maximum effort is needed to impart the awareness regarding diabetic retinopathy and to apply this improved awareness into practices (Namperumalsamy,et al.,2004). Cluster sampling technique was used to select the samples. Among these patients 19 patients were in the experimental group and 27 patients were in the control group. Diabetes mellitus is where the body cells cannot use glucose properly for lack of or resistance to the hormone insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. CiteScore: 5.4 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 5.4 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. A study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding the effectiveness of counseling on lifestyle modification including disease condition and medications among selected hospitalized diabetic patients. Diabetes mellitus is a major global threat to public health. The sample size of the study was 1,093 diabetic patients. Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases that occurs with increased levels of glucose in the blood. Nearly 5.1% of diabetic patients those who aged above 50 years had age-sex related diabetes mellitus. The researcher conducted a survey using a 20-point questionnaire among 1000 diabetics who attended the diabetic clinic. Whereas in the control group, five amputations, worsening of foot risk category, ten vascular-related admissions, increased HbA1c, no improvement in quality of life and self management behavior were observed. (Alexander Turchin , 2009). The samples of the Intensive Life Style Modification randomized from the subjects of the Diabetes Prevention Programme , those who are meeting the goals of Intensive Life Style Modification. The maximum possible scores of knowledge, attitude and practice were 18, 4 and 3 respectively. A genetically determined disorder of metabolism, it is manifested by insulin deficiency and the inability to tolerate carbohydrates. Finally, those with a higher initial body mass index and more psychosocial problems were more likely to drop out of self-management education (Michael Vallis, et al ., 2005). It was a cross-sectional study of 136 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), with 77 (57%) women, with an average age of 66 +/- 9.38 years, and the presence of comorbidities in 97 (71%), and using medications. However, there is no standardised screening tool currently in use, and current tools may not take in to consideration the fact that many symptoms for both diabetes, and anxiety or depression, are similar, and they may not meet the needs of ethnic minorities (Roy, et al. From the analysis, the mean value of change in HbA1c was 0.90% in the experimental group. (Murray, 2000). Blood sugar control with minimal side effects. chronic disease characterized by insufficient production of insulin in the pancreas or when the body cannot efficiently use the insulin it produces Diabetes Mellitus Research Essay Abstract Diabetes is a disease that affects 18.2 million people in the United States alone. There were 171 million of patients with diabetes mellitus in 2000 and it is expected to raise the peak rate of 366 million by the year 2030. Majority of participants received information regarding diabetes mellitus through a casual explanation and non-scientific way. 14 November, 2020 322 Views. In Bahrain, a study was done to assess the knowledge of diabetes mellitus among school teachers. The post Diabetes Mellitus/Nursing appeared first on nursingwriters.org. Whereas the prevalence diabetes mellitus is expected to increase at 4.4% by the year 2030 among all age groups. Type 2 diabetes, formerly called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes, usually occurs after … Patients underwent regular follow up visits for once in every three months and they were followed the treatment guidelines according to HbA1c level. The cause for Type II diabetes is caused by a storm of events culminating such as weight gain, lack of activity, genetics, and stress levels. The education was focused regarding self management of diabetes, self monitoring of blood glucose, motivational teaching and care of foot. Independent effects of longer duration of diabetes were observed on fracture rates. The study was conducted among a sample of 50 individuals recruited by convenience sampling technique, data was collected by administering a structured questionnaire during a two week period and resulted general awareness of diabetes mellitus in the participants of the study was poor (Robert J, 2006). The results revealed that the dietary management, exercise management and other approaches can be modified with the help of family members and community than individual approaches (Anne Thomas, 2004). Around 7.7% of hospitalized patients developed hypoglycemia. OBJECTIVE —To compare the rate of insulin treatment and perinatal outcome in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) under endocrinologist-based versus diabetes nurse-based metabolic management. A study to assess the awareness of diabetes in individuals attending outpatient department of Ghurki trusts teaching hospital, Lahore. The aim of this study was to investigate daily obstacles to coping with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and related factors.. Methods There was no sex difference in risk factors for diabetes mellitus among those who reduced body weight of less than 3% during the first year of preventive programme. Only 22.27% (574/26001) of the whole population and 41.0% (627/1529) of the Known diabetic subjects were aware that diabetes could be prevented. The findings of the study shown that no amputations, no worsening foot risk category, only one admission for vascular related problems, reduced HbA1c, increased quality of life and improvement in self management behavior in the study group. The sample consisted of 144 volunteer subjects from four colleges in a metropolitan area. A study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practice on management of diabetes among 150 diabetic residents in Pondicherry. The disease was first recognised by the ancient Egyptians around 1500BC, and the term ‘diabetes mellitus’ coined by the Greek physician Aretaeus in the 1st century AD. RESEARCH ARTICLE Guidelines for the nursing management of gestational diabetes mellitus: An integrative literature review Gwendolyn Patience Mensah1 | Wilma ten Ham‐Baloyi2 | Dalena (R.M.) About 11% of the adult global populations is estimated to be living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by 2040. They were followed for one year after a 4 day structured teaching programme performed at University Department of Endocrinology, School of Medicine in Skopje. A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among diabetes patients. Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major health problem in the world. Nursing Management Diabetes Mellitus Covenant School of Nursing N201 Fall, 2009 Gloria Rodriguez, MSN.RN,CDE ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3bffba-ZDMzM Ù=›>³Ìg¼¼e%Qˆ—)­Š¦ÌY„C‚"Á*Á1µOuË&Âüz¾É›kq4KåÃ+ÃÏ©Åf­_H\s;¬4ž?af'û` 섈 van Rooyen2 | Sihaam Jardien‐Baboo3 This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, … The research of stem cells continues to advance knowledge about how organisms develop single cells and how healthy cells can be replaced (Pike, R 2002). Diabetes Mellitus Greek word "diabainein" meaning "to siphon or pass through" Latin word "mellitus" meaning "sweetened with honey" "To pass through sweetened with Honey" 5. Most of the participants were liked to manage the diabetes with maximum resources. Art. Now that you have chosen DIABETES MELLITUS WITH COMPLICATIONS from the top 10 principal diagnoses that you are going to research. The response rate was 89% (n=1140). One theory is that this may be linked to the switch to a diet more typical of developed countries – that is, one rich in high glycaemic index foods (World Health Organization, 2016; Carrera-Bastos et al, 2011). The cause for Type II diabetes is caused by a storm of events culminating such as weight gain, lack of activity, genetics, and stress levels. Multivariable analysis was undertaken to evaluate the associations. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a syndrome of a relative or absolute lack of insulin resulting in hyperglycaemia. The patients from the experimental group also followed standard of care as per doctor’s guidelines. Nearly 66% of patients from the group of self monitoring of blood glucose. Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, (IDDM), accounts for approximately 10% of diabetes cases. The experimental group was compared with control group those who received usual care. Of the 97% were using anti-diabetic agents, some were using them wrongly and only 10.6% of the subjects tested their urine, although 71% were aware of the need for urine test. Diabetes occurs in one of the following situations: The pancreas (an organ behind your stomach) produces little insulin or no insulin at all. We Can Help!" The study was organized in 25 centers. ). The aim of this study was to investigate daily obstacles to coping with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and related factors.. Methods GARDINER DC, MARTIN-HERNANDEZ D, YOUNG FG. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your NursingAnswers.net purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. The results revealed that 87% of the respondents were able to answer 50% or more questions on knowledge correctly, while 98% of them had 50% or more score for the attitude questions. However attitude and practice outcomes were not improved among those patients. Whereas the mean value of change in HbA1c was 0.62% in the 15-month in the experimental group. Patients with type 1 diabetes need insulin to regulate their blood glucose levels, while for patients with type 2 diabetes, weight loss and dietary management may be sufficient in controlling … Nursing management of the person with diabetes mellitus. Among these patients 520 patients were undergone intensified therapy with insulin or oral hypoglycemic medications. A re-education session one year after education, a significant improvement in metabolic control was noticed, HbA1c decrease from 9.2+ 1.3 to 7.7+1.8% (P<0.0005), diabetes related knowledge improved from 49.1+16.8 to 85.4+14.3% (P<0.05) and patient overall wellbeing improved from 46.6+8.3 to 54.8+5.9 (P<0.05) . This disease results when there is a high level of sugar in the blood for an extended period of time. indicate that diabetes mellitus has become a problem of great magnitude and a major public health concern. Home; Nursing and Health; diabetes mellitus; A restaurant prepares 200.00 pizza slices and sells them at a rate of $14.00/slice. Age, duration of diabetes and regular meal patterns predicted long-term metabolic benefit. So the structured teaching programme was effective in improving the patient outcomes (Simmons, et al., 2003). There are three main types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 diabetes (T1DM), type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and gestational diabetes (GDM). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 2. 1. Further obese people had high prevalence of diabetes than non-obese people. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose get into your cells to be used for energy. Definition of Diabetes Mellitus Disease: Diabetes mellitus disease commonly referred to a group of metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycaemia resulting from insufficiency secretion of insulin, less insulin action or both. Prevalence of diabetes with regard to age and sex were estimated from 191 WHO states including US. Majority of the samples reported that the family members were given more social support than others. Nurses should be “highly valued” for the work they do in supporting… More news . Samples were selected through randomization. For each additional day of hypoglycemia was associated with increasing of 2.5 days in the length of hospital stay. Nursing; Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review. Long term diabetes patients showed an increase in osteoporotic fractures. A cross sectional study that examined the relationship between chronic physical activity and impaired blood flow in patients with type II diabetes mellitus and control subjects. The findings revealed that, the glucose-screening project enrolled 521 Participants. The sample size of the study was 5212 diabetic patients. APA format with References. Data was analyzed by Mann-Whitney test. Diabetes mellitus is a disease that prevents your body from properly using the energy from the food you eat. Case Study Diabetic Ketoacidosis. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - NursingAnswers.net is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Samples underwent semi-annual visits to check fasting blood glucose and yearly visit to measure oral glucose tolerance test at 75g of glucose uptake. Diabetes Research Paper Pathology Fall 2010 Abstract Diabetes is a disease that affects currently 23.6 million people, about 7.8% of the population.Diabetes comes from a high level of sugar in the blood for a long period of time. The study was conducted on “awareness and knowledge of diabetes in Chennai”-the Chennai urban rural epidemiology study. The study population was 24 to 85 year old patients. Diabetes Mellitus The attachment programme aims to provide an overview of the roles and responsibilities of a Diabetes Nurse Educator, as well as the set-up and functions of the Diabetes Metabolism Centre (DMC). The last 90 years have seen considerable advances in the management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Among these patients, response rate was 92%. The questionnaire was collected after one day. Regular exercise is associated with better skin blood flow (Colberg S.R, et al., 2002). Below are review notes for Diabetes Mellitus to help you study for the NCLEX exam or your nursing lecture exams. Around 85.3% increase of inpatient death rate and 65.8% death of patients within one year after discharge were associated with each additional day of hospitalization with hypoglycemia. Whereas in the control group, 1.21% of reduction in the HbA1c value was observed. Diabetes Mellitus is a cluster of metabolic conditions that are caused by an increase of glucose in the blood. They currently employed educational and behavioral interventions in patients with type II diabetes mellitus produce measurable modest improvement in glycemic control (Garry, et al., 2002). The results revealed that effective management of diabetes can be achieved by the clinical practice guidelines (Benjamin E.M, 2000). Nursing Research: January 1976 - p 4-7. Read the latest articles of International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus at ScienceDirect.com, Elsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature The diet which was introduced to randomized parallel groups of 63 patients of diabetes aged 25- 35 yrs were included in the study. Diabetes was classified long term, short term and newly diagnosed. It was conducted as Translating Research into Action for Diabetes. Around 46 samples recruited for the study. Diabetes can lead to serious complications over time if left untreated. In its initial state, diabetes was discovered at around 1500 B.C.E. The study reported that amongst the population surveyed, the awareness that diabetes mellitus could affect the eye was about 84%, whereas the knowledge about diabetes among diabetics was less, only 46.9% of the persons interviewed knew that retinopathy was related to control of diabetes and 40.3% knew that it was related to duration of diabetes mellitus. There is a lot of research on diabetes happening all around the world and the latest include: March 19, 2015: Research to Identify and Correctly Treat Rare Forms of Diabetes Some very rare forms of diabetes are caused by single gene mutations. Latest . Recent Prog Horm Res. Whereas the prevalence diabetes mellitus is expected to increase at 4.4% by the year 2030 among all age groups. We are providing you with the service of unlimited free revisions, and if by any chance you are not satisfied with the work, then you can also claim your money back easily as this is one of our policy. Nearly 75% of paramedics not had any resources regarding health education for diabetes mellitus. Explore this section of Nursing Times for the latest policy, workforce and research news on diabetes and endocrinology, plus clinical articles and opinion Latest Call for investment in nurse specialists issued on World Diabetes Day Include an introduction and a conclusion. Reference this. The sample size of the study was 4000 participants those who at risk for diabetes mellitus. Samples were selected through randomization. A population based cross sectional study to assess the awareness and practices regarding diabetic retinopathy was conducted among non-medical population in south India. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Diabetes affects 9.3% of the U.S. population, with an estimated 21 million persons with diagnosed diabetes and 8.1 million with undiagnosed diabetes (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services & the Office of Minority Health, 2014b).Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death, and inadequately treated diabetes … Research Article - Biomedical Research (2017) Volume 28, Issue 15 The clinical outcomes of nursing intervention for children with type 2 diabetes mellitus on the treatment adherence Hezang Ba * , Xinxin Yu, Shuzhen Han, Lijuan Kang, Chuanwei Xu, Rongyan Xue and Mingyu Li Department of Paediatrics, Binzhou Peoples Hosp The result showed that when compared with low fiber diet, the high fiber diet after 24 weeks increased both mean daily blood glucose concentration (11.8+3.3 vs 14.5+4.5 mmol/L. The results revealed that the counseling regarding lifestyle modification among diabetic patients was effective (Suish palaian , et al., 2007). Most of the informants were taught regarding one or more methods of Home remedies. IS DIABETES MELLITUS WITH COMPLICATIONS As a healthcare administrator, it is important to know what the top 10 principal diagnoses are within your healthcare facility, system, locale, and state. Among 260 self reported diabetes patients, 68 (26.2%) patients had diabetic retinopathy. Study results confirmed the improvement of overall wellbeing, metabolic control and diabetes related knowledge in diabetic patients after a structured teaching programme (Tatjana Milenkovic, 2004). Diabetic emergencies. A study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice outcomes among patients with diabetes mellitus in Manipal hospital. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. Thus the results revealed that the length of stay and death rate were increased both during and after hospitalization due to hypoglycemia. Ways to control it are by diet, exercise, medicine and insulin injections. A study was carried out to understand the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) regarding diabetes mellitus among the diabetic patients attending a diabetic education programme in Nepal medical college, results showed that the majority of patients had correct knowledge regarding diabetic diet, three fourths of them were subjected themselves to blood sugar checking at good intervals and almost all were under regular contact with physicians (Shrestha L, et al., 2006). More than 50% of people had no awareness regarding risk factors of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes can lead to serious complications over time if left untreated. In the study, 60.2% (15652/26001) of all participants and 76.7% (1173/1529) of the self reported diabetic subjects know that the prevalence of diabetes was increasing in India. Patients with intensified therapy were Compared with patients with not intensified therapy. 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