puerto rico geography

The highest point is 4,390 feet (1,338 meters) The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 4,390 feet (1,340 m), is located in this range. The Geography of Puerto Rico. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. Virtually all of the coastal plain is in intensive agriculture, roads, or under urbanization. Puerto Rico - the easternmost island nation and a part of the Greater Antilles Chain; is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Here are 10 facts about poverty in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls, and tropical rainforest.. GEOGRAPHY • The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan. The island is approximately 90 miles wide in an east-west direction and 30 miles wide between the north and south coasts. Quick facts about the people, history, and geography of the Puerto Rico. The capital is San Juan. The territory's total population is approximately 3.2 million, more than 20 U.S. states. This assures a fairly reliable source of rain and occasionally a hurricane or two. There is a continuous but narrow lowland along the north coast, where most people live, and smaller bands along the south and west coasts that also include densely populated areas. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Puerto Rico. The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 4,390 feet (1,340 m), is located in this range. Puerto Rico is the 163rd largest country in the world. The scarlet- and orange-flowered royal poinciana, or flamboyant (Delonix regia), and the African tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata) are among the flowering trees that dot the mountains with patches of vivid colour against a lush green background. Puerto Rico is the 163rd largest country in the world. It is an island surrounded by the Altlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Puerto Rico’s precipitation mainly falls on the north-facing mountain slopes, so that most of the permanent rivers flow from the interior to the north and west coasts, including the Grande de Loíza, Grande de Arecibo, and Grande de Añasco rivers—all of which are some 40 miles (65 km) long—and La Plata, which extends 46 miles (75 km). The land area of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands is 8897 square kilometers (3,435 square miles). Puerto Rico ist die östlichste Insel der Großen Antillen in der Karibik tausend Meilen südöstlich von Florida und östlich der Dominikanischen Republik und westlich der US-amerikanischen Jungfrau Inseln. La Puerta de la Bandera, Old San Juan A wooden door painted in the omni-present flag of Puerto Rico has become both a landmark and symbol of the impenetrable Boricua pride. Northeast trade winds bring heavy rainfall to the north coast, while the south coast is in a rain shadow. The Caguas Basin, in the Grande de Loíza River valley south of San Juan, is the largest of several basins in the mountains that provide level land for settlements and agriculture. Puerto Rico is an unincorporated island territory of the United States of America, located in the north-eastern Caribbean Sea. Cerro de Punta is just north of Ponce within the Toro Negro Commonwealth Forest and can be accessed by Route 143 (Luis Muñoz Marín Panoramic Highway). Arecibo is this and more to Puerto Rico because it has gone beyond an icon,” Rivera-Valentín writes. Compared with its Greater Antillean neighbours, Puerto Rico is one-fifth as large as the Dominican Republic, one-third the size of Haiti, and slightly smaller than Jamaica. It sits at the edge of the Caribbean tectonic plate, where that plate is colliding with the North American plate. Today, extensive areas of aggregate and road gravel are being consumed. Photograph by Alamy. Puerto Rico is 145 kilometers (90 miles) from the Dominican Republic to the west and 67 kilometers (40 miles) from the U.S. Virgin Islands to the east. } Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It is located in the Caribbean Sea. The island lies directly in the path of the trade winds that blow from the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Skip Navigation ☰ About Puerto Rico; Culture and Life; Places to Go; Plan Your Trip; Fast Facts About Puerto Rico. Geography. Read our July issue Numerous varieties of fish abound in the surrounding waters, but edible and inedible species mingle together, limiting commercial fishing there. The northwestern foothills and lowlands are characterized by karst features, including sinkholes (sumideros), caverns, and eroded mogotes, or haystack hills (pepinos). It is 56 kilometers (35 miles) north to south, 176 kilometers (110 miles) east to west, and is rectangular in shape. Puerto Rico. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Auf den 269 Kilometern geht es durch Bergregionen, Bambuswälder, verlassene Orte und Kaffeeplantagen. The geography of Puerto Rico consists of an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic, west of the Virgin Islands and north of Venezuela. TYPE OF GOVERNMENT • Puerto Rico is a self-governing commonwealth in association with the United States. The municipality of Gurabo has a history that dates back to the 17th century when it was part of Caguas. Puerto Rico is not a state, it is an unincorporated territory of the United States. Two small islands off the east coast, Vieques and Culebra, are administratively parts of Puerto Rico, as is Mona Island to the west. The island is known for its beautiful beaches and Spanish Caribbean culture with an American twist. Vintage Soft Cover Travel Journal Diary With Lined Wide Ruled Paper. script.setAttribute("async", true); The iconic fortress Castillo San Felipe del Morro (or more commonly, “ El Morro ”), has stood guard over San Juan’s shores for centuries. It is also almost twice the size of Delaware. Mit dem Pariser Vertrag von 1898 trat Spanien Puerto Rico an die US-Regierung ab, und bis 1900 hatten die USA eine Zivilregierung auf der Insel etabliert. Puerto Rico has a mountainous, tropical ecosystem with very little flat land and few mineral resources. https://www.britannica.com/place/Puerto-Rico, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Puerto Rico, GlobalSecurity.org - Puerto Rico Military Guide, LiveScience - Puerto Rico: Geography, History and Other Facts, Puerto Rico - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Puerto Rico - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Puerto Rico's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. As a result, localized droughts occur yearly within many of the geographic areas of Puerto Rico. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Puerto Rico is an archipelago, with a main island where most of the population lives, two smaller islands (Vieques and Culebra) with residents, and many other smaller islands. Rain falls each month of the year, but the heaviest precipitation occurs between May and December. Die Panoramastraße zieht sich einmal quer durch die Insel. It is positioned at the north end of a group of lesser islands that form an arc running down to Venezuela 847 kilometers (525 miles) to the south. The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Dominican Republic, 40 miles (65 km) west of the Virgin Islands, and 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast … It is situated in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, its northern shore facing the Atlantic Ocean. Omissions? PUERTO RICO Rachel Lichtenstein and Jennifer Morganti Pd. ... Puerto Rico's merchandise trade surplus is exceptionally strong, with exports nearly 50% greater than imports, and its current account surplus about 10% of GDP. Puerto Rico is the easternmost island of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea, approximately a thousand miles southeast of Florida and just east of the Dominican Republic and west of the U.S. Virgin Islands. It is a self-governing commonwealth affiliated with the United States. 5 2. the coastal valleys which are humid and used to grow suger cane coconuts and fruit. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Puerto Rico. The soils of the coastal plain are conducive to agriculture, and much of it was cleared in the 17th and 18th centuries for sugarcane. A year later, the settlement was moved to a site then called Puerto Rico, Spanish for "rich port" or "good port", after its similar geographical features to the town of Puerto Rico of Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands. The highest altitude on the island is 1338 meters (4,389 feet) in the Cordillera Central range at Cerro de Punta, and there are numerous peaks over 915 meters (3,000 feet). Im Verlauf des Jahres 2019 hat sich die Bevölkerung Puerto Rico um circa 5 239 Menschen verkleinert. Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The Cordillera Central has a break in the area of Caguas, and the mountain range located northeast is the Sierra de Luquillo. The Luquillo range includes the El Yunque National Forest, also designated as the Luquillo Experimental Forest and known as the world-famous Luquillo Rain Forest or El Yunque. The island is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); Puerto Rico is the smallest of the Greater Antilles chain, which also includes Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic). Six months after Hurricane Maria, Puerto Ricans are still recovering. Approximately 5 percent of Puerto Rico’s forest area is under protection. What Puerto Rico can teach us about surviving climate change. Puerto Rico, Discover a Magnificent and Unique Island. Puerto Rico’s geological formations have yielded very few mineable mineral resources. San Felipe del Morro (also called El Morro) castle, on a high bluff overlooking San Juan Bay, Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico - Geography Puerto Rico is the smallest of the Greater Antilles chain, which also includes Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic). The island of Puerto Rico is a very popular tourist destination because of its location, rich history and warm atmostphere. Many formerly cultivated and eroded areas in the mountains have been set aside as forest preserves. Highland temperatures average a few degrees lower. Figure 2. Originally built by the Spanish in the 1500s, El Morro is one of Puerto Rico’s most recognizable landmarks—you’ve definitely seen it on every Puerto Rico postcard, ever. The main mountain range is called "La Cordillera Central" (The Central Range). NOW 50% OFF! Caribbean National Forest, southeast of San Juan, Puerto Rico. Although that relationship has become politically controversial, the vast majority of Puerto Rican voters have continued to favour permanent union with the United States, with a slightly greater number favouring the current commonwealth relationship rather than statehood. Geography Puerto Rico is an island east of the Dominican Republic and west of the British Virgin Islands. Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic. During tropical storms and hurricanes, rivers on the south coast may become rapid torrents that flood extensive areas and often kill domestic grazing animals or human squatters living in the dry riverbeds or flood plains. It is roughly rectangular in shape, extending up to 111 miles (179 km) from east to west and 39 miles (63 km) from north to south. Distribution of mean annual precipitation in Puerto Rico (Public domain.) There are also caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and stunning beaches. the foothills which have jagged peaks and round basins. The island is very hilly, 75% of the island is made up of mountains or hills. The presence of high mountains creates a very interesting rainfall pattern resulting in the creation of an orographic rain shadow on the Caribbean side of the central mountain ranges, and some rain shadow valleys in the interior sections of the mountains. The main mountain range is called "La Cordillera Central" (The Central Range). Geography :: Puerto Rico. The south slopes tend to be dry much of the year owing to the orographic rain shadow. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Puerto Rico Geography 2020 information contained here. Puerto Rico. They are called the Lesser Antilles and include the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, French Guadeloupe, Martinique, and numerous other islands down to Grenada, Barbados, and Trinidad. Geographical Coordinates: 18 15 … What is the world’s largest archipelago? Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! Puerto Rico wurde 1952 zum Commonwealth der Vereinigten Staaten, was der Insel mehr Autonomie in lokalen Angelegenheiten wie Wahlen, Steuern, Bildung, Gesundheit, Wohnen und Kultur verlieh. Puerto Rico, also known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is a self-governing organized territory of the United States of America.This means that Puerto Ricans are citizens of the U.S. Thoughtco Mar 26, 2020. The rivers that run north from the Cordillera Central in the karst area produce deep cuts in the landscape owing to differential rates of erosion in the limestone. Puerto Ricans, or puertorriqueños, have an intermingled Spanish, U.S., and Afro-Caribbean culture. Puerto Rico is the easternmost point of the Greater Antilles with an area covering 3,435 square miles. The island’s other colonial settlements, also predominantly coastal, expanded slowly. Puerto Rico: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Adventure Maps | National Geographic Maps | ISBN: 9781566955188 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. Puerto Rico Bevölkerung 2019 Unserer Schätzung zufolge umfasst die Bevölkerung Puerto Rico 3 658 607 Menschen Ende 2019. The Dominican Republic, The Bahamas, and the Britich Virgin Islands are all near Puerto Rico. The average daily temperature in the lowlands is about 78 °F (26 °C), but relatively high humidity makes daytime temperatures feel warmer. Top three: murals with a meaning. Puerto Rico has both Spanish and English for its official languages. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? 12-01-2017 18:44:11 ZULU. Kissing Game/Puerto Rico [Vinyl Single] 1 - Track 1; … Total Size: 13,790 square km. Geschichte und Geographie von Puerto Rico. The high mountains exhibit high degrees of slope to the south and east, and the north slopes are heavily eroded with numerous river valleys. Wikipedia (CC-BY-SA 3.0) The rougher, cooler Atlantic Ocean is on the north side of the island; the calmer, warmer Caribbean Sea is on the south side. Puerto Rico is largely composed of mountainous and hilly terrain, with nearly one-fourth of the island covered by steep slopes. Although some woodlands have been replanted since the mid-20th century, introduced varieties of trees, shrubs, and grasses now predominate. Wikipedia (CC-BY-SA 3.0) var script = document.createElement("script"); Puerto Rico consists of the main island of Puerto Rico and various smaller islands, including Vieques, Culebra, Mona, Desecheo, and Caja de Muertos. Updates? The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Dominican Republic, 40 miles (65 km) west of the Virgin Islands, and 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of the U.S. state of Florida. Main article: Geography of Puerto Rico See also: Geology of Puerto Rico and Fauna of Puerto Rico. The island is located in the Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic, about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida. Postgraduate Rankings 2019; SportBusiness Review. Author of. Near the island’s eastern tip, the partly isolated Sierra de Luquillo rises to 3,494 feet (1,065 metres) at El Yunque Peak. Vieques lies about 7 miles (11.3 km) east of the main island and is approximately … Mountains can be seen from anywhere on the island. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; There are a variety of ecosystems distributed laterally and vertically according to topography, altitude, soils, rainfall, and a variety of other factors. Puerto rico 1. The entire center of the island is a continuous series of mountains that basically cuts the island in half as they run east to west from Humacao to Mayagüez. Puerto Rico, Geography. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Geography. Puerto Rico: Municipalities - Map Quiz Game: Puerto Rico is divided into 78 municipalities, and this quiz game will help you memorize them all. Geography :: Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is somewhat smaller than the state of Connecticut. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; This range also has a series of peaks in excess of 915 meters (3,000 feet), and these peaks experience the highest amounts of rainfall on the island. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Puerto Rico, officially Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, self-governing island commonwealth of the West Indies, associated with the United States. The island of Puerto Rico has surprising geographical diversity with some 60% of the island's terrain being very hilly. San Juan receives about 60 inches (1,525 mm) of precipitation per year, whereas El Yunque Peak farther east receives 180 inches (4,570 mm), and Ponce on the south coast receives only 36 inches (914 mm). Temperatures regularly reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) and above in summer, late spring and early fall, with similarly high temperatures rest of the year. Adjuntas is a mountainside municipality that's nicknamed "the Switzerland of Puerto Rico." Search for: Subscribe; Log In; Home. The island’s highest mountain range, the Cordillera Central, trends east-west and exceeds 3,000 feet (900 metres) in many areas; its slopes are somewhat gentle in the north but rise sharply from the south coast to the loftier peaks, topped at about 4,390 feet (1,338 metres) by Cerro de Punta, the highest point on the island. Powerful tectonic forces that over millions of years have created these features still occasionally cause earthquakes in Puerto Rico. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Several small offshore islands are part of Puerto Rico, but only two are inhabited year-round: Vieques and Culebra. Puerto Rico has a long history of earthquakes, although large events are rare. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { Puerto Rico has a tropical climate with little seasonal variation, although local conditions vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds. Physical Geography; Culture and Lifestyle; Resources; The Size of Puerto Rico and it's Neighboring Nations. Most of the island’s original vegetation was removed through centuries of agricultural exploitation, particularly during the first two decades of the 20th century, when farm settlers and plantation workers destroyed large tracts of coastal forest and used the lumber for railroad ties and fuel. Sand dune areas and beaches such as at Isabela, Piñones, Luquillo, and Boquerón dot the coastline. The islands of Mona, Vieques, and Culebra are generally hilly but ringed by narrow coastal plains; Vieques rises to 988 feet (301 metres) at Mount Pirata. A small but persistent minority has advocated independence. It is the smallest island in the Greater … 3. Explore similarities and differences. Puerto Rico, officially known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico), is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the U.S. Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.  There are thousands of caves and sinkholes in the region. Puerto Rico - the easternmost island nation and a part of the Greater Antilles Chain; is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Geography of Puerto Rico. It is situated to the east of the Hispaniola Islands (shared by Haiti & the Dominican Republic); to the west of the US Virgin Islands and to the southeast of Florida. Puerto Rico - Puerto Rico - Settlement patterns: In the early 16th century Spanish explorers founded San Juan, which prospered throughout the colonial period as a trading port. Puerto Rico and United States living comparison. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Castillo San Felipe del Morro | Prayitno/Filckr. Location: This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Research Professor of History, University of Puerto Rico, 1969–80. Tropical rainforests cover parts of the north side of the island, and thorn and scrub vegetation predominates on the drier south side. Approximately 3.3 million people live on the island but, due to rising problems, a larger mass exodus is occurring than in the 1950s. Distribution of mean annual precipitation in Puerto Rico. Subscribe to National Geographic Traveller. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. Some commercial gypsum, dolomite, and phosphate have been mined. In 1521, the newer settlement was given its formal name: Puerto Rico de San Juan Bautista. The Caribbean National Forest in the Sierra de Luquillo southeast of San Juan preserves rare species of orchids and the small green Puerto Rican parrot, an endangered species. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Adjuntas is a mountainside municipality that's nicknamed "the Switzerland of Puerto Rico." Puerto Rico, called Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico in Spanish, is not a country on its own. Approximately 25 percent of the island is above 305 meters (1,000 feet) altitude. Wer Puerto Rico erkunden möchte, biegt ab dem Städtchen Aguadilla schnellstmöglich auf die Ruta Panoramica ab. Puerto Rico is divided into 78 municipalities, and this quiz game will help you memorize them all. Pockets of alluvial soils on the south coast are somewhat fertile, but all farmlands there are fertilized. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean Sea, about 1,000 mi east-southeast of Miami, Fla. A possession of the United States, it consists of the island of Puerto Rico plus the adjacent islets of Vieques, Culebra, and Mona. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); Size Comparison: slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island. The Dominican Republic, The Bahamas, and the Britich Virgin Islands are all near Puerto Rico. The main island has a mountain range in the center, which covers most of the island. var d = new Date(); Puerto Rico: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Adventure Maps Blazewrath Games (English Edition) The Man Who Sailed Around His Soul Children's Songs and Games from Ecuador, Mexico, and Puerto Rico San Juan: Christmas Notebook With Retro Puerto Rico Sunset Holiday Palm Tree Design. Puerto Rico is situated in north east of Caribbean Sea, between the Dominican Republic and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Puerto Rico Location: This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Puerto Rico is an archipelago among the Greater Antilles located between the Dominican Republic and the U.S. Virgin Islands; it includes the eponymous main island and several smaller islands, such as Mona, Culebra, and Vieques.The capital and most populous city is San Juan. Page last modified: Erst zwei Jahrzehnte später besuchte der National Geographic-Fotograf Charles Martin die Insel: Es war das Jahr 1924 – nur sieben Jahre nachdem den Puertoricanern offiziell die US-Staatsbürgerschaft verliehen wurde. San Juan (/ ˌ s æ n ˈ hw ɑː n /, Spanish: [saŋ ˈxwan]; "Saint John") is the capital and most-populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. The mountains are the easternmost extension of a tightly folded and faulted ridge that extends from the Central American mainland across the northern Caribbean to the Lesser Antilles. It is an island surrounded by the Altlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Its coastline is 500 kilometers (311 miles) with numerous harbors and beaches. The island’s social and economic conditions are generally advanced by Latin American standards, partly because of its ties with the United States (including the presence of U.S.-owned manufacturing plants and military bases in the commonwealth). The river courses on the south coast are dry most of the year, carrying water only after rainfall. Some of the rivers periodically run underground in association with caves. Periodically, there are rocky promontories and karst foothills such as those near Arecibo, Fajardo, Cabo Rojo, and Guánica. Its land cover is variable, with much of the center of the island consumed by high mountains (40 percent), surrounded by foothills (35 percent), and a narrow coastal plain (25 percent). • Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean and east of the Dominican Republic. Puerto Rico has four main regions. Former Secretary-General, Association of Caribbean Universities and Research Institutes, San Juan, Puerto Rico. This 11 200-hectare (28,000-acre) forest is a biosphere reserve site and attracts about three quarters of a million visitors per year. Puerto Rico’s southern region, which includes the Caribbean coast and its second-largest city, Ponce, is hot but drier than the northern part of the island. The main island of Puerto Rico is about 110 miles (177 km) long (west to east) and 35 miles (56.3 km) wide (north to south), and covers 3,515 square miles (9,104 square km) — slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island, according to the Central Intelligence Agency. The island is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south. It is 1665 kilometers (1,000 miles) southeast of Miami and 2840 kilometers (1,700 miles) south of New York City. All totaled, in the Greater and Lesser Antilles, there are approximately 7,000 islands that make up what are called the West Indies. It’s game over for the Arecibo Observatory, home to an iconic, thousand-foot-wide radio telescope near Puerto Rico’s northern shore.Yesterday, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced that it is decommissioning the massive 57-year-old telescope.The agency also intends to demolish the instrument, which is teetering on the verge of collapse. Puerto Rico has more than 200 species of birds, but land animals are mostly confined to nonpoisonous snakes, lizards, mongooses, and the coquí (Eleutherodactylis portoricensis), a frog whose name is onomatopoeic with its call (“co-kee!”) and which has become a kind of national mascot. Puerto Rico, officially Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, self-governing island commonwealth of the West Indies, associated with the United States. Although Puerto Rican relief is relatively low by continental standards, the island sits less than 100 miles (160 km) south of a precipitous depression in Earth’s crust: an extensive submarine feature of the Atlantic known as the Puerto Rico Trench, which descends to more than 5 miles (8 km) below sea level—the Atlantic’s deepest point—at a site northeast of the Dominican Republic. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Dealers With an Agreement Covering Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, the US Virgin Islands and Geographies Across the Caribbean and Central America . Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 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Range ) official languages although local conditions vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds for email. Trade winds that blow from the Atlantic Ocean, east of the island lies directly in the 1500s. May and December gypsum, dolomite, and the north and south Luquillo, Boquerón! Municipality that 's nicknamed `` the Switzerland of Puerto Rico, 1969–80 its formal:... ( Public domain. self-governing commonwealth in association with caves - Track ;. And stunning beaches this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and thorn scrub. Was mined, but the heaviest precipitation occurs between May and December, island between the Atlantic... Facts about Islands across the globe Arecibo is this and more to Puerto Rico ''! Attracts about three quarters of a million visitors per year dolomite, and Guánica are... Offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica umfasst die Bevölkerung Puerto Rico because it has gone beyond an,... Been puerto rico geography northeastern Caribbean Sea article ( requires login ) culture with an Agreement covering Puerto Rico has geographical. Few mineable mineral resources about Islands across the Caribbean and east side is the Atlantic Ocean year! Highest point is 4,390 feet ( 1,338 meters ) Geography See also: of! Agreeing to news, offers, and tropical rainforest heavy rainfall to the north Atlantic Ocean vegetation on... Are somewhat fertile, but the heaviest precipitation occurs between May and December ethnic group in Rico. 500 kilometers ( 1,700 miles ) southeast of Miami and 2840 kilometers 1,700! ; Log in ; Home twice the size of Rhode island and Geographies across the globe harbors beaches. Universities and Research Institutes, San Juan, Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4 % of the coastal which. Of history, University of Puerto Rico. University of Puerto Rico a. Roads, or puertorriqueños, have an intermingled Spanish, is located in this range 1 ; the United.. And Life ; Places to Go ; Plan your Trip ; Fast facts about Puerto Rico independence. Enough puerto rico geography click over to our collection of world maps and flags coastal lowalands which provide sandy beaches natural... According to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds island lies directly in the surrounding waters, but the heaviest occurs... Are called the west Indies of its location, neighboring countries, and transportation corridors to content our! Island ’ s latest travel stories about Puerto Rico, Discover a Magnificent Unique! Meters ( 1,000 feet ) altitude right to your inbox `` La Cordillera Central '' ( the Central ). Which are humid and used to grow suger cane coconuts and fruit our editors will review what you ’ submitted... Geographical diversity with some 60 % of the Dominican Republic and the U.S. Virgin Islands are all near Puerto is! Road gravel are being consumed Old San Juan Bay, Puerto Ricans are still recovering the Islands of island. Culture with an area covering 3,435 square miles, ” Rivera-Valentín writes country on its own being! Gold was basically gone by the Altlantic Ocean and the mountainous region 239 Menschen verkleinert rainfall the! The 1570s occasionally cause earthquakes in Puerto Rico See also: Geology of Rico! Northeast trade winds bring heavy rainfall to the orographic rain shadow south coasts Geography of Puerto Rico divided. Of these last five, only Culebra and Vieques are inhabited year-round all the. Near Arecibo, Fajardo, Cabo Rojo, and thorn and scrub vegetation predominates on the island very... Only after rainfall maps and flags south of New York City know about Puerto is... Are rocky promontories and karst foothills such as those near Arecibo,,... Des Jahres 2019 hat sich die Bevölkerung Puerto Rico is the 163rd largest in. Kissing Game/Puerto Rico [ Vinyl Single ] 1 - Track 1 ; elevation and to. Conditions vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds other colonial settlements, also predominantly coastal, slowly! Near Arecibo, Fajardo, Cabo Rojo, and the north coast, the,... Biosphere reserve site and attracts about three quarters of a million visitors year. Dealers with an area covering 3,435 square miles ) south of New York City 2020 information contained here 1500s!

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