research articles on mangroves

Article  The mangroves have long been a lifeline for the coastal communities of Colombia. Thermal sensitivity of the crab Neosarmatium africanum in tropical and temperate mangroves on the east coast of Africa. 275 p. Lewis, R. R., A. Global Ecology and Conservation 7: 245–261. Enwright, N. M., K. T. Griffith & M. J. Osland, 2016. Ecological role and services of tropical mangrove ecosystems: a reassessment. A. Kontar & Y. Kaneda (eds), Post-Tsunami Hazard Reconstruction and Restoration. In Perillo, G. M. E., E. Wolanski, D. R. Cahoon & M. M. Brinson (eds), Coastal Wetlands: An Integrated Ecosystem Approach. doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3252-x. In Santiago-Fandino, V., Y. 2.3 Why monitor shoreline mangroves – the importance of MangroveWatch Mangroves provide important goods and services to coastal environments that support and protect local economies, and social, cultural and heritage values of coastal communities. Because Florida contains the greatest spatial extent of mangroves and greatest research emphasis in the U.S., it is the focus here . Ocean & Coastal Management 49: 531–545. (2014a, b) and Lewis & Brown (2014). Krauss, K. W., A. S. From, T. W. Doyle, T. J. Doyle & M. J. Barry, 2011. Climate Change May Wipe Out Large Mangrove Forests, New Research Suggests Mangroves help protect coastal areas from flooding and sequester more carbon than … Mangrove Articles. (2017) found that propagules and seedlings experienced mild to fatal herbivory, which suggested that biotic interaction may also play an important role in the ability of mangroves to expand into saltmarshes. This location along the Atlantic Coast of Florida was chosen because it represents the transition between temperate and tropical zones where the pressures of climate change on mangroves are very visible. American Journal of Botany 98: 1031–1039. UNEP. While it is true that mangroves have the ability in some cases to migrate landward and invade adjacent wetlands in response to sea-level rise, net loss or gain of mangrove area has been shown to vary by region as a function of the local rates of sea-level rise and coastal subsidence (Ellison & Strickland, 2015), landform slope and tidal forcing (Doyle et al., 2010), vertical accretion (Lovelock et al., 2015), sedimentation rates (Krauss et al., 2010), and the absence or presence of actual migration corridors (Enwright et al., 2016). This is due in large part to anthropogenic impacts on mangroves, including conversion to aquaculture and agriculture, urbanization, and pollution (UNEP, 2014). Mangrove … What are the ecosystem service implications of mangrove encroachment into salt marshes? Bakkar, T., V. Helfer, R. Himmelsbach & M. Zimmer, 2017. However, rice is the main driver of mangrove loss in Myanmar (88%) due to national-level plans for food security and food redistribution (Richards & Friess, 2016). Rhizophora stylosa prop roots even when damaged prevent wood-boring teredinids from toppling the trees. Nature Geoscience 4: 293–297. How mangrove forests adjust to rising sea level. Guest editors: K. W. Krauss, I. C. Feller, D. A. Friess, R. R. Lewis III / Causes and Consequences of Mangrove Ecosystem Responses to an Ever-Changing Climate, Feller, I.C., Friess, D.A., Krauss, K.W. Assessing the role of mangrove forest in reducing coastal inundation during major hurricanes. RESEARCH ARTICLES CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. Lovelock, C. E., R. Reef & M. C. Ball, 2017a. A mass balance shows that mangroves rely on soil ammonification, nitrification, and dissimilatory reduction to ammonium for available nitrogen. Overcoming the impact of aquaculture on the coastal zone. Jamaica is such a beautiful country, but garbage seems to be plaguing almost all neighbourhoods. Egler, F. E., 1952. Concerted mangrove research and rehabilitation efforts over the last several decades have prompted a better understanding of the important ecosystem attributes worthy of protection and a better conservation ethic toward mangrove wetlands globally. As a result of decreasingly cold winters and sea-level rise, the distribution of mangroves is expanding northward and landward along this part of the Florida peninsula into coastal wetlands that have historically been dominated by saltmarsh plants. Feller, I. C., C. E. Lovelock, U. Berger, K. L. McKee, S. B. Joye & M. C. Ball, 2010. Benzeev, R., N. Hutchinson & D. A. Friess, 2017. Lovelock, C. E., M. C. Ball, K. Martin & I. C. Feller, 2009. Projecting global mangrove species and community distributions under climate change. Ball, M. C., 1988. mangroves were lost from 1980 to 2000 (MA, 2005), and the forests have been declining at a faster rate than inland tropical forests and coral reefs (Duke et al., 2007). doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3118-2. Near the southern edge of the current mangrove-saltmarsh ecotone along the east coast of Florida, a 69% increase in mangrove cover in seven years resulted in a 25% increase in aboveground carbon storage but no difference in belowground storage (Doughty et al., 2016). PubMed  Mangrove species are uniquely adapted to tropical and subtropical coasts, and although relatively low in number of species, mangrove forests provide at least US $1.6 billion each year in ecosystem services and support coastal livelihoods worldwide. Comeaux, R. S., M. A. Allison & T. S. Bianchi, 2012. & R. R. Lewis, 2006. Growth performance and structure of a mangrove afforestation project on a former seagrass bed, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Researchers say corals have … Aquatic Botany 99: 20–26. The latter has not previously been considered a driver of mangrove loss. doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3179-2. Saintilan et al. Learn more. (2015) predicted that this increase would continue and result in a dramatic expansion of mangroves up the east coast of the USA over the next 50 years. We provide global evidence that mangroves shelter economic activity during tropical cyclone exposure and that this sheltering prevents otherwise permanent losses to economic activity. This map is often used as a baseline in many studies to further investigate mangrove characteristics with other remote sensing tools. A. Mendelssohn & N. Saintilan, 2016. Field, C. D., 1995. Generally, the success of mangrove rehabilitation is considered to be very low (Primavera, 2000; Lewis, 2005, 2009; Brown & Lewis, 2006; Samson & Rollon, 2008) due to a variety of physical-ecological factors being ignored, such as planting inappropriate species in sub-tidal locations where the physical environment is less suitable for mangroves to colonize and grow (Sharma et al., 2017). Valiela, I., J. L. Bowen & J. K. York, 2001. doi:10.1071/MF16322. Lewis III, R. R., E. C. Milbrandt, B. Threats to mangroves from climate change and adaptation options: a review. Box 5430, Salt Springs, FL, 32134, USA, You can also search for this author in Michener, W. K., E. R. Blood, K. L. Bildstein, M. M. Brinson & L. R. Gardner, 1997. Prospective biomonitor and sentinel bivalve species for pollution monitoring and ecosystem health disturbance assessment in mangrove-lined Nicaraguan coasts. doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3223-2. Mangrove forests aren’t moving fast enough to escape rising sea levels and could disappear by 2050, according to new research. Variable niche size of the giant mangrove welk Terebralia palustris (Linnaeus, 1767) in a subtropical estuarine lake. Mangrove forests: one of the world’s threatened major tropical environments. Hydrobiologia. Rather, mangroves moved inland and adjusted vertically along the fringes, resulting in a 35% increase in total mangrove coverage in some portions of the Ten Thousand Islands region of Florida (Krauss et al., 2011). Guo, H., C. Weaver, S. P. Charles, A. Whitt, S. Dastidar, P. D’Odorico, J. D. Fuentes, J. S. Kominoski, A. R. Armitage & S. C. Pennings, 2017. doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3257-5. Begam, M. M., T. Sutradhar, R. Chowdhury, C. Mukherjee, S. K. Basak & K. Ray, 2017. Research article . Mangroves grow in sheltered tropical and subtropical coastal areas across the globe. doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3151-1. Germination of seeds was examined at 15, 25 and 35°C in light/dark over a NaCl gradient. Megonigal, J. P., S. C. Chapman, S. Crooks, P. Dijkstra, M. Kirwan & A. Langley, 2016. Simpson et al. Sea level rise could lead to the demise of mangrove forests by 2050 in a future with high greenhouse gas emissions, new research finds. Registered in England & Wales No. Using models that incorporated both coastal hydrodynamics and mangrove species characteristics, Hamilton et al. Recent progresses in mangroves conservation, restoration and research in China. PubMed Central  Using remote sensing techniques to distinguish and monitor black mangrove (Avicennia germinans). Springer, New York: 311–327. Hydrobiologia Mangroves categorized as secretors, including species in the black mangrove genus Avicennia, push salt from the ocean water out through special pores or salt glands within their leaves. doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3182-7. Save the mangroves. Bidlingmayer, W. L. & E. D. McCoy, 1978. Predation restricts black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) colonization at its northern range limit along Florida’s Gulf Coast. Hydrobiologia. Google Scholar. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 770–777. Modeling theoretical expansion and discerning drivers on a large scale are important, but local site adaptability is ultimately dictated by many other attributes (e.g., hydrology, biogeochemical condition, substrate, migration barriers, salinity). Such sea-level-rise induced expansion has also been documented along the coasts of the Gulf of Mexico, southeast Australia, and the Pacific coast of Mexico (Rogers et al., 2006; Saintilan et al., 2009; López-Medellín et al., 2011). Primavera, J. H. & J. M. Esteban, 2008. Vegetatio 3: 213–265. Triest, L., 2008. Saltmarsh-mangrove interactions in Australasia and the Americas. Cavanaugh, K. C., J. R. Kellner, A. J. Forde, D. S. Gruner, J. D. Parker, W. Rodriguez & I. C. Feller, 2014. (2014) showed that a doubling in mangrove abundance in northeastern Florida was closely tied to a decrease in the number of freeze events, but not to changes in sea-level rise, precipitation, or other hypothesized drivers. Hydrobiologia 295: 75–81. Southeast saline Everglades vegetation, Florida, and its management. Mangrove timber use as an ecosystem service in Colombian Pacific. Brown, 2017. Research on mangroves has yielded many insights into their ecological functions, global patterns of floral diversity and adaptations to saline environments, as well as into their role in fisheries-namely as a haven for many juvenile marine species. Oceanographic anomalies and sea-level rise drive mangroves inland in the Pacific coast of Mexico. Kamal, S., J. Warnken, M. Bakhtiyari & S. Y. Lee, 2017. But these otherworldly forests on stilts are in fact one of Earth’s most critical ecosystems, buffering coasts from storm surges, serving as vital habitat for untold marine species, and providing food and livelihoods for local communities. Native salt-tolerant grass species for habitat restoration, their acclimation and contribution to improving edaphic conditions: a study from a degraded mangrove in the Indian Sundarbans. Coastal regime shifts: rapid responses of coastal wetlands to changes in mangrove cover. Hydrobiologia. Contrasting genetic effects of red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle L.) range expansion along West and East Florida. Mangrove systems are recognized as one of the most fragile ecosystems, hence they are amongst the most threatened ecosystems globally (Taylor et al., 2003; Martinuzzi et al., 2009). Some of this apparent reduction may be due to methodological differences between surveys and studies, though improved conservation successes can be an important factor as a number of countries have introduced conservation and sustainable forest-management laws and pursued community-based management (e.g., Chen et al., 2009; Friess et al., 2016), which may explain some of the reduction in deforestation rates. Google Scholar. Modelling above ground biomass accumulation of mangrove plantations in Vietnam. Reversing the decline of these habitats isn’t just a science—it’s an art, says marine biologist Octavio Aburto. The habitat function of mangroves for terrestrial and marine fauna: a review. Although mangrove encroachment may increase nutrient storage and improve storm protection (Sheng & Zou, 2017), Kelleway et al. “Ultimately, we need to protect intact combinations of mangroves and coral reefs.” The research has been published in PLOS Biology (DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000510). Stress in mangrove forests: early detection and preemptive rehabilitation are essential for future successful worldwide mangrove forest management. Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, 647 Contees Wharf Road, Edgewater, MD, 21037, USA, Department of Geography, National University of Singapore, 1 Arts Link, Singapore, 117570, Singapore, U.S. Geological Survey, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, 700 Cajundome Blvd., Lafayette, LA, 70506, USA, Lewis Environmental Services, Inc., P.O. Donato, D. C., J. The term ‘mangrove’ also applies to thickets and forests of such plants. Though data quality is highly variable, it has been previously considered that 35% of original mangrove area was lost by the end of the 20th century (Valiela et al., 2001). Hydrobiologia. CAS  Google Scholar. No doubt, future MMM themes will continue to tackle human and climate-change influences on mangroves through well-grounded biological studies. doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3155-x. Google Scholar. Krauss, K. W., K. L. McKee, C. E. Lovelock, D. R. Cahoon, N. Saintilan, R. Reef & L. Chen, 2014. Norman C. Duke - Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research … doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3197-0. Ecological Economics 35: 91–106. RESEARCH ARTICLES CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. The cycling of essential nutrients is central to mangrove productivity. Chemical changes in detrital matter upon digestive processes in a sesarmid crab feeding on mangrove leaf litter. Simpson, L. T., I. C. Feller & S. K. Chapman, 2013. Sandoval-Castro, E., R. Muniz-Salazar, L. M. Enriquez-Paredes, R. Riosmena-Rodriguez, R. S. Dodd, C. Tovilla-Hernandez & M. C. Arredondo-Garcia, 2012. The impact of climate change on mangrove forests. In addition to sea-level rise, climate change is expected to result in increased frequency and intensity of rainfall and associated flooding that can discharge massive amounts of sediment into nearshore environments, which then provide favorable new substrate for rapid seaward expansion of mangroves, as has been observed in Northern Australia along the Gulf of Carpentaria (Ashbridge et al., 2016). Mangroves have been lost and disturbed due to human use for centuries, though most assessments of mangrove area and rates of change originate from estimates from the second half of the 20th century onwards. As a counter-balance, some successful large-scale rehabilitation initiatives are apparent, as well as natural regeneration from up-slope migration and climate range expansion. Five Steps to Successful Ecological Restoration of Mangroves. However, this expansion of mangrove area may be short-lived if it is followed by a large-scale drought, as has more recently occurred along the Gulf of Carpentaria (Duke et al., 2017). Nandkumar Pawar, a fisherman and activist, who runs Shree Ekvira Aai Pratishthan and has been raising awareness on issues related to mangroves since 2005, said, “As a fisherman I … Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111: 723–727. Lewis, R. R., 2009. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 91: 475–483. For example, it was once thought that sea-level rise involved gains associated with inland encroachment of mangroves in the Everglades region of Florida that balanced appreciably by losses along the seaward fringe from submergence (Egler, 1952). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 113: 344–349. Synthetic Aperture Radar. The rate of sea level rise has doubled from 1.8 millimeters per year over the 20th century to ∼3.4 millimeters per year in recent years. Sharma, S., K. Nadaoka, M. Nakaoka, W. H. Uy, R. A. MacKenzie, D. A. Friess & M. D. Fortes, 2017. Anthropogenic mangrove loss has traditionally been due to aquaculture throughout much of the tropics, especially in Southeast Asia (e.g., Primavera, 2006). Impact of expected climate change on mangroves. Mangroves: 11 facts you need to know These unique trees lead tough lives — but we’re all the better for it. 115, NO. All drivers are expected to increase in magnitude in the future (UNEP, 2014). The influence of crab burrows on sediment salinity in a Rhizophora-dominated mangrove forest in North Brazil during the dry season. In Perillo, G. M. E., E. Wolanski, D. R. Cahoon & M. M. Brinson (eds), Coastal Wetlands: An Integrated Ecosystem Approach, 2nd ed. On the whole, mangroves are still highly threatened in many locations, but rates of deforestation are lower than they once were in many locations (with substantial variation among countries). We expect that, given the many published citations of damage in parts of the world for which we could find no documented losses, the reductions in total mangrove areas that we report are underestimates. Njisuh Z. Feka1, 2, George B. Chuyong2, Gordon N. Ajonina3, 1 Department of Environme ntal Science and Policy, Central European University, Nador u 9 1051 Budapest. Article  Impacts of mangrove encroachment and mosquito impoundment management on coastal protection services. Brown, B., R. Fadilla, Y. Nurdin, I. Soulsby & R. Ahmad, 2014b. Wetlands Ecology and Management 18: 233–242. Hydrobiologia. Contributions in Marine Science 28: 129–140. Contreras, L., A. Fierro-Cabo & C. E. Cintra-Buenrostro, 2017. Article  Research on mangroves and climate change interactions has increased in Asia in the last decade, with a rapidly expanding network of RSETs allowing a greater understanding of Asian mangrove resilience to sea level rise. Mounting evidence suggests that mangrove forests protect coastal communities during tropical storm events. Coldren, G. A. Ecological Applications 7: 770–801. Climate change and the temperature-driven displacement of saltmarsh plants by mangrove trees in the mangrove-saltmarsh ecotone are predicted to increase carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands (Megonigal et al., 2016), though results vary. Mangroves are often nutrient limited and show tight coupling between nutrient availability and tree photosynthesis. et al. A. Amir, C. Cameron, H. J. Koldewey, S. D. Sasmito & F. Sidik, 2016. Chinese scientists have conducted a great deal of research on mangroves since 1950s (Lin 1997a). doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3300-6. Elsevier, Amsterdam: 787–800. Ecological Restoration 23: 276–277. Vero Beach, Florida. Nature 526: 559–563. What are mangroves? doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3318-9. Mangroves exist on every continent except Antarctica. Kelleway, J. J., K. Cavanaugh, K. Rogers, I. C. Feller, E. Ens, C. Doughty & N. Saintilan, 2017. doi:10.1007/s10750-017-3320-2. Ambio 37: 234–240. The goals of MMM4 were: (1) to promote interdisciplinary research on mangroves and associated coastal ecosystems; (2) to build and strengthen further linkages and collaboration among mangrove specialists; (3) to advance education of students, scientists, decision-makers, managers, the media, and the general public; and (4) to facilitate communications among all these groups on a global scale. Recent expansion of mangroves into saltmarshes is likely to have large impacts on the structure, function and service provisioning of coastal wetlands (Kelleway et al., 2017). Reproductive ecology of black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) along the Louisiana coast: propagule production cycles, dispersal limitations, and establishment elevations. Aquatic Botany 104: 55–59. Brown, B. Quantifying fisheries ecosystem services of mangroves and tropical artificial urban shorelines. 59 No. Global Change Biology 19: 1482–1494. Rogers, K., K. M. Wilton & N. Saintilan, 2006. Ecosystems 13: 129–143. A comparison of sampling techniques in the assessment of burrowing crab abundance in saltmarsh and mangrove environments. Elsevier, Amsterdam. In addition, the ability of mangroves to encroach on saltmarshes depends on their ability to successfully disperse and establish, which depend on hydrologic forces and species-specific tolerances to light levels and floatation times (Alleman & Hester, 2011; Simpson et al., 2016). Effects of black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) expansion on salt marsh nekton assemblages before and after a flood. A. Langley, W. Walker, I. C. Feller, R. Schaub & S. K. Chapman, 2016. 12, 25 JUNE 2016 2255 wetland covering a total area of 1 ha. Based on results from the Gulf of Mexico, Yando et al. Relative sea-level rise could be the greatest threat to mangroves (Gilman et al., 2008). Castellanos-Galindo, G., J. Cantera, N. Valencia, S. Giraldo, E. Peña, L. C. Kluger & M. Wolff, 2017. Ecological Engineering 24: 403–418. Ilka C. Feller. The Mangrove Hub is equipped with extensive libraries of published articles on mangrove and tidal wetlands, aerial photographic imagery, methodologies for mangrove research and monitoring, and a variety of field survey and support equipment (e.g. In general, this is an area between latitudes of 25 degrees north and 25 degrees south, however, geographical limits are highly variable depending upon the area of the world and local climates. The MMM series held in Australia ( 2006 ) and the Caribbean ( Lovelock et al., 2007.! R. Cahoon, J high islands of Micronesia failures and future prospects pestana, D. B. Carlson & R.,. Bird, N. D. Charney, R. Chowdhury, C. González-Abraham, J. Ewel & R. Hofstetter, 1980 Brazil. Group is also looking into drivers of mangrove forest management: salt marsh decline at mangrove limits! M. Kirwan & A. S. Rovai, J. Pawlik, H. Rouby, A. Singh, S. J.! 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