South Asia is especially rich in freshwater life, with 10% of the world's fishes (over 2000 species). This is the list of all animals of Asia (and spoken facts) kids will have to discover in the app. Goats are also remarkably efficient at clearing brush, a handy trait for farmers in arid lands. Descended from Asian carp, which were raised in ponds as food fish, koi were selectively bred from carp with colorful mutations. China and Japan are more humid and temperate than adjacent Siberia and Central Asia, and are home to rich temperate coniferous, broadleaf, and mixed forests, which are now mostly limited to mountainous areas, as the densely populated lowlands and river basins have been converted to intensive agricultural and urban use. Sunda Pangolin . The insects of New Guinea are however mainly of Asian origin.. Masked Palm Civet. For a complete list, see List of Asian birds. The bird fauna is also very diverse, with some 1,300 species. Water buffaloes were domesticated independently in two different countries—5,000 years ago in India, and 4,000 years ago in southern China. Camels seem to have been domesticated fairly recently—only about 3,500 years ago at the earliest. The slow loris is an omnivore forager, and one of three loris species. Biodiversity in Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats. The animal can be found in India and Nepal, particularly in the foothills of the Himalayas. Camels also are used for meat, milk, blood, and hides. ), Xenosauridae (Shinisaurus), monitor lizards, skinks. Cattle were first domesticated around 9,000 years ago. The goat-antelopes (Rupicaprini) are represented by the goral and the serow. Animal Domestication - Table of Dates and Places, History of the Domestication of Cows and Yaks, Pastoralism and Subsistence Methods Involving Herds of Animals, The Origin Histories of Dromedary and Bactrian Camels, The Domestication History of Chickens (Gallus domesticus), Lactose Intolerance and Lactase Persistence, Mammals: Definition, Photos, and Characteristics, Dairy Farming - the Ancient History of Producing Milk, The Origins and History of Rice in China and Beyond, History and Origins of Your Favorite Beverage, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. Mayfly. India’s southwestern coast and the coastal areas and islands of Southeast Asia experience heavy rain throughout the year. The Mediterranean basin's mosaic of Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub are home to 13,000 endemic species. Although horses have been used across the world both for riding and for pulling chariots, carts, and carriages, nomadic peoples of Central Asia and Mongolia also relied on them for meat and for milk, which was fermented into the alcoholic drink called kumis. The Caucasus mountains, which run between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, are a particularly rich mix of coniferous, broadleaf, and mixed forests, and include the temperate rain forests of the Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests ecoregion. Discover Indian animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! https://themysteriousworld.com/10-amazing-animals-found-only-in-africa 2003. The rivers of China are home to the critically endangered finless porpoise and baiji. There are 2,500 known species worldwide! Cats likely began to hang around human settlements in the Middle East about 9,000 years ago, when agricultural communities started to store grain surpluses that attracted mice. as guards or vermine hunters, as status symbol, as food, as magic medicine or, in the better cases, as company. The first goats were probably domesticated in the Zagros Mountains of Iran around 10,000 years ago. The other endemic Asian families include Ursidae (giant panda, Asian black bear, sloth bear, sun bear), Calomyscidae (mouse-like hamsters) and Ailuridae (red pandas). Gondwanian elements were introduced from Africa and by India, which detached from Gondwana approximately 90 MYA, carrying its Gondwana-derived flora and fauna northward. It is home to about 500 native mammal species. A culture of indiscriminate wildlife use combined with poverty, population growth and rapid economic development has created a wave of pressure on natural ecosystems. African Animals Africa has many varied environments. Millipede. Asian Elephant –Elephas maximus ... Plantanstidae, Pontoporiidae. These mountains harbor an amazing diversity of life. and blind snakes. Many animals in Wuhan, the Chinese city where the virus originated, have died or are at risk of dying after residents evacuated their homes in the wake of the city's lockdown. A rare species of antelope known as the oryx is found on the fringes of the desert areas of the Arabian Peninsula. Science, vol 308, 8.apr. Even though the threat caused by deforestation is on the decline, these animals are still over-hunted for their meat. https://www.planetdeadly.com/animals/dangerous-animals-asia The Asia high mountains span the Altai, Tien Shan, Kunlun, Pamir, Hindu Kush, Karakorum, and Himalayas ranges. Gazelles, oryx, sand cats, and spiny-tailed lizards are some of the desert-desert-adapted species that survive in this extreme environment. Mole. 6. As with dogs, the domestication of pigs seems to have happened more than once and in different places, and again two of those places were the Middle East or the Near East, and China. In fact, some scientists call cats only semi-domesticated; until about 150 years ago, humans generally did not intervene in cat breeding to produce specific types of cats. See also the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. Humans likely tolerated the cats for their mouse-hunting skills, a commensal relationship that only very gradually developed into the adoration that modern-day humans often display for their feline companions. Domestic cats are difficult to distinguish from their nearest wild relatives, and can still easily interbreed with such wild cousins as the African wildcat.  Southeast Asia has the highest relative rate of deforestation of any major tropical region, and could lose three quarters of its original forests by 2100 and up to 42% of its biodiversity. Koi were first developed in China about 1,000 years ago, and the practice of breeding carp for color spread to Japan only in the nineteenth century. Photo: Mark Dumont. The Manis javanica is a pangolin species found across Southeast Asia including Singapore. The Indochina bioregion There are also several Asian lakes with saline or brackish water, and with peculiar fauna (Caspian Sea, Lake Balkhash, Aral Sea, Issyk Kul, Qinghai Lake). The orangutan is the largest animal that lives in the trees. Kraits are found only in Asia, they eat not only small lizards but also snakes, including other kraits. This rare species can only be found in Southeast Asia, mainly in Borneo. Animals of Asia. The mountains of southwest China are also designated as a biodiversity hotspot, the Himalayas containing for example about 8% of the world’s bird species. One bird family, the accentors (Prunellidae) is endemic to the Palaearctic region. In the subtropical southern parts of China and Japan, the Palearctic temperate forests transition to the subtropical and tropical forests of Indomalaya, creating a rich and diverse mix of plant and animal species. Also characteristic are pittas, bulbuls, Old World babblers, cuckoo-shrikes, drongos, fantails, flowerpecker, helmetshrikes, hornbill, nuthatch, orioles, parrotbills, shrikes, sunbirds and woodswallows. Docile domestic cattle are descended from fierce ancestors—the long-horned and aggressive aurochs, now extinct, of the Middle East. The Indomalayan has three endemic bird families, the fairy bluebirds (Irenidae), Megalaimidae and Philippine creepers (Rhabdornithidae). 5,000 Dogs, Other Animals Found Dead in Shipping Boxes—Pet Trade Likely to Blame. (2017) Understanding the drivers of Southeast Asian biodiversity loss, Ecosphere. In the morning, instead of finding a pile of ruined waste, Lindt found that the chocolate smelt wonderful and melted in the mouth, releasing rich flavours. 100:394–410, Helgen, K.M., Groves, C.P. The Indo-Pacific is a rich biogeographic region including most part of the Asian seas, comprising the tropical waters of the Indian Ocean, the western and central Pacific Ocean, and the seas connecting the two in the general area of Indonesia (it does not include the temperate and polar regions of the Indian and Pacific oceans, and the Tropical Eastern Pacific, along the Pacific coast of the Americas, is also a distinct marine realm). Asia also contains several important freshwater ecoregions as well, including Rivers of Russia, which flow into the Arctic, Black, and Caspian seas, Siberia's Lake Baikal, the oldest and deepest lake on the planet (home to numerous endemic sponges, oligochaetes, and crustaceans and the Baikal seal), Khanka Lake, and Japan's Lake Biwa, Lake Dongting, Lake Tai and Lake Poyang in China. The Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Himalaya, and Patkai ranges bound the bioregion on the northwest, north, and northeast; these ranges were formed by the collision of the northward-drifting Indian subcontinent with Asia beginning 45 million years ago. , C.B.Cox, P.D.Moore, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach. There are strong affinities and relationships between Mediterranean and Atlantic faunas. The result is loss of biodiversity and loss of livelihoods. Early sheep were used for meat, milk, and leather; wooly sheep only appeared around 8,000 years ago in Persia (Iran). By Letter (A-to-Z) By Scientific Name; ... Found throughout Asia, India and China! The Indian Subcontinent bioregion covers most of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka. Other endemic Asian or mainly Asian families include Acrocephalidae, Aegithalidae, Certhiidae, Cettiidae, Chloropseidae, Dromadidae, Eupetidae, Eurylaimidae, Hemiprocnidae, Hypocoliidae, Ibidorhynchidae, Muscicapidae, Phasianidae, Pityriaseidae, Podargidae, Tichodromadidae and Turdidae. The orangutan lives on the island of Borneo. It's Rare To See An Okapi And Their Unusual Markings Provide Great Camouflage. Dogs are not only man's best friend; they are also one of our oldest friends in the animal world. 10.1002/ecs2.1624, Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub, tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Fauna & Flora International in the Asia-Pacific region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fauna_of_Asia&oldid=991314042, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 12:07. Asia blends elements from the both ancient supercontinents of Laurasia and Gondwana. We use tame animals for meat, hide, milk, and wool, but also for companionship, for hunting, for riding, and even for pulling plows. See also: Endemic birds of the Indian Subcontinent, Endemic birds of Borneo, Endemic birds of the Philippines. Sheep soon became very important to people in Middle Eastern cultures from Babylon to Sumer to Israel; the Bible and other ancient texts make many references to sheep and shepherds. Asia's tropical forests accommodate one of the world's three principal primate communities, about 45 species including lorises, tarsiers, leaf-eating langurs, the orangutan of Borneo and Sumatra, and the gibbons. Early ancestors of horses crossed the land bridge from North America to Eurasia. Learn about all the amazing animals in Asia. ... langurs are often found in towns. The Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and Himalaya are a major biogeographic boundary between the subtropical and tropical fauna of the Indian subcontinent and the temperate-climate Palearctic realm. This vast region is characterized by many shared plant and animal species. https://www.thoughtco.com/domestic-animals-that-originated-in-asia-195149 Antarctic Animals Antarctic animals are adapted to life at very low temperatures. South of the taiga are a belt of temperate broadleaf and mixed forests and temperate coniferous forests. The second largest animals in Asia are the several species of Asian rhinos. 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