heating coil sizing calculator

Nichrome is an alloy of Nickel and Chromium. The typical household dimmer uses an inductor to protect the other components and the applied load from “rush” currents—currents that increase at very high rates and often to excessively high levels. It did when I tried values for a small inductance (9.6E-7). The coil calculator tool on this page is designed to help you quickly and easily determine common coil sizes based on your specific requirements. >20     50.8 mm     38 mm     16.3u. Our heating calculator / BTU calculator can help work out the appropriate heat output for each room of your home. That high voltage generated across the trigger coil will also appear directly across the capacitor of the trigger network. However, when it does drop, the capacitor will again discharge through the coil, establish another charging current through the coil, and again develop a voltage across the coil. Ductless Mini-Split Systems. Coils Calculator . The simple water heating coil model provides sensible heating of the air. You must be registered with this website to access our software. >20     2 in     40 mm     43. For example, for the mild climates use the 5 kW heating elements for the heat pump of 1.5-2 tons or 10 Kw for up to 5.0 tons heat pumps. Once you have your list of suitable radiators, simply add them to your basket and checkout when you are ready. I have actually built such a coil, and measured a value around 300 uH. We invite you to try it out. The number of turns is always assumed as a whole number (it's hard to do a 3.4 turn, for example), but you can still input fractional turns. >https://rimstar.org/science_electronics_projects/coil_design_inductance.htm If only life were so cheap. >try another The table indicates that ferrite can have a relative permeability greater than 600. Two free calculators estimate the number of BTUs needed to cool or heat a room or house based on its size, insulation, and the geographical climate, among other conditions. Explore a number of other housing related calculators, as well as hundreds of other calculators addressing finance, math, health, fitness, and more. From there you can select one of units that will be most efficient for your home. >https://www.daycounter.com/Calculators/Air-Core-Inductor-Calculator.phtml 1 combines all the factors that determine the surface area of the heat transfer device.A = Q/UT. The smaller diameter will obviously result in a thinner wick meaning less absorption of e-juice. Choose the right heating or cooling coil for the job. So it depends on the core material. (Cooling and Heating or Cooling Only) Select the optional heating type. The inductor is also effective in blocking high-frequency noise (RFI) generated by the switching action of the triac in the dimmer. This HVAC calculator is the closest estimate to the actual Manual J calculation done by HVAC pros. Nichrome is wound in coils to a certain electrical resistance, and current is passed through it to produce heat. This gives you a working model of all of the coils selected which you can then use in your BIM model. Final tips. I measured to approximately layer 3.5, but we are still miles out if I do it by average area cut per turn (it goes up) and, even at the minimum diameter of 25mm, which cannot be the average area per turn,  it is still 1.24mH - out by a factor of 2.66. Can you make the output to display in engineering notation (e+3, e-3, e-6, e-9, etc)? >20     2 in       1.5in     16.7 Enter this amount at (B). >http://www.66pacific.com/calculators/coil-inductance-calculator.aspx you calculator does not work there is not an entry for wire diameter or coil length you can’t calculate without these entrys The result is that it will begin to charge up again until the generated voltage across the coil drops to zero volts. This calculator will help you find the size of coil you will need as well as the material best suited for your coil (see material selection chart and disclaimer.This unique calculator can be used for heating-as well as for cooling applications. Coil data is based on 125° (51°C) temperature dif-ference between entering air and entering water. Calculation for heat exchangers, lmtd correction factor and insulation losses. You can download Revit files from within the Online Coil Selector. For example, a furnace with an Input BTU can have an efficiency of 80%. The coil is the most recognizable form of an inductor. Not only does this program speed up the selection of water, steam and refrigerant coils, but it tells you the size of the optimum heat … Teach Me - Heating Coil Pipe Sizing - posted in Student: Anybody to help will be excellent. By using equations from electronics texts or manuals (like Bleaney, 1989, Electricity and Magnetism) I obtain a value around 270 uH. https://www.allaboutcircuits.com/tools/coil-inductance-calculator/ A = area; Q = total heat input required; U = number describing the heat transfer coefficient or degree of influence of materials, agitation, viscosity and other system details. Steam Temperature (T1) °F. Overview – Heating Element Design and Calculation To perform as a heating element the tape or wire must resist the flow of electricity. That got you within a few turns but this is out by a factor of at least 3. Follow these easy steps: Select the region you live in according to the color keyed map below. NEW Online Coil Selector . Dlscrib.com Heating Coil Calculation - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Not only does this program speed up the selection of water, steam and refrigerant coils, but it tells you the size of the optimum heat exchanger for your design data. Overview. Tank Heating using Steam Coil Calculate the area & length required for an internal coil carrying condensing steam for heating the tank contents. Enter this amount at (A) in Figure 1. The U-factor is usually developed from past experience.T is a difference in temperature. There are actually two variations of T that will be used in calc… The software also allows you to store and print all on-screen data as multiple selections and includes add-ons for generating data sheets in Microsoft Word, psychrometric data and fluid properties. This flexibility is important since coil heating or cooling loads can be matched more precisely than traditional "fixed" fin spacing. But it can be improved by providing drop-down menus for (a) relative permeability for common materials including air(which is ~1.0), and for (b) the result in H, mH, and microH. ; Select the system type needed for your home. >calculator failed With a ferrite core, the relative permeability might be 600. Or is there some error in it? When shopping for heaters, many people make the mistake of choosing the wrong size for their actual needs. It also provides you with an accurate product cost. How to Calculate Heater Size. >try ham radio - much more detailed calc If there is no core material, the relative permeability is 1. You can find more values here: At “turn on,” the resistance of incandescent lamps is typically very low, and relatively high currents may flow for short periods of time until the filament of the bulb heats up. A capacitor is also normally included from line to neutral to prevent any voltage spikes from affecting the operation of the dimmer and the applied load (lamp, etc.) Easy To Use A/C Size Selection Tool: Check the color coded map above and confirm the zone your home is in. In designing an Air Conditioning system, determining the heat load of a conditioned space will be the first most important step. the same and so will the ramp up speed (time it takes your coil to fully heat). Equation No. It doesn’t - and that surely is the role of a tool on the internet? Please email [email protected] . Final Temperature (t2) °F. You will see that 175 is not an unreasonable number for the relative permeability of an inductor core. >turns   dia. If that same furnace has an efficiency of 95%, the furnace will produce 95,000 BTU of heat. > The coil inductance calculator has something seriously wrong with it: Initial Temperature (t1) °F. We'll show you a list of radiators that will generate enough heat to keep your room at an efficient yet comfortable temperature. To heat an area like an outbuilding or new building, you must calculate what size heater you need. Instantly size and cost your chosen coil with the SPC Online Coil Selector. It has 6 and a bit layers. Heater Coils. The heat load estimate is based on your climate region, total square footage, number of rooms or zones you want, ceiling height, insulation type, number of windows and doors. >try another from daycounter Steam heating coils should generally have a gradual fall from the inlet to the outlet to ensure that condensate runs toward the outlet and does not collect in the bottom of the coil. The high-frequency exchange of energy between the coil and capacitor is called flyback because of the “flying back” of energy from one storage element to the other. as your formula states…. Disclaimer: The A. O. Smith Pro-Size sizing program is a tool that can be used to estimate water heater requirements for many common applications. of 25mm and an od. Note that you can choose the unit of measurements for the loop diameter and wire diameter. This voltage was in turn increased by transformer action to the secondary coil of the autotransformer, and the flash lamp was ignited. Question is, a heating tank ( approx 1.2m tall and 0.86m Diameter) will have a flow of 1000kg per hour of oil running through. Click here to access the Online Coil Selector software once registered. ... Manual J Load Calculation. Once you make your calculations, you can decide on the best choice for a type of heater and how many BTUs (British Thermal Unit, the standard heat measurement) you need. A significant voltage was then developed across the coil. A lot of old buildings went with the assumption that bigger is better and oversized heating systems. (in)  ind. This tool is designed to calculate the inductance of a coil of wire given the number of turns, the loop diameter, wire diameter, and the permeability of the medium. With about 3 bar steam running through the heating coil. This feature is particularly important for dimmers, since they are most commonly used to control the light intensity of an incandescent lamp. It needs heating of 50 to 65 deg. It really is down to individual preference, how you vape and what size coil will fit into your RBA deck. How Side Channel Attacks Thwart Cybersecurity, Introduction to Arduino SPI Library with LTC1286 and DAC714, Side-Wettable Flanks Enable AOI on Leadless SMD (DFN) Packages, Introduction to Analog and Digital Electronics, https://www.allaboutcircuits.com/tools/coil-inductance-calculator/, https://www.eeweb.com/tools/coil-inductance/. General Name. The objective of using a heat pump calculator is to determine the size, cost and eventual cost savings of the heat pump system you will need based on your heating requirements. You say that it should be 1.71mH for a mean value of 32mm for the diameter! That means the furnace will produce 80,000 BTU of heat. The surface area of both coils will be approx. This is in agreement with your formula but it does not apper to be correct. An auto-generated name for the heating coil. D=35 mm coil diameter Thanks. The calculator is very good. START HERE: Use the AC Unit sizing calculator below to calculate your required central air conditioner and heating system tonnage size. For the camera, it is the important component that resulted in the high spike voltage across the trigger coil which was then magnified by the autotransformer action of the secondary to generate the 4000 V necessary to ignite the flash lamp. Furnaces / Heaters > Furnaces / Heaters. d=0.5 mm wire diameter Following is a listing of several of these equations, a description of where they come from, and examples of how they are used. N=110 turns ... BIM objects and data for sizing related heating and cooling system equipment, for any project. This is way out, to the point of not even being useful. Relative permeability is the ratio of the permeability of the inductor's core to the permeability of free space. Again, sizing a heat pump is not easy. The inductor is a common school use transformer 5000 turn coil, with wire diameter about 0.15mm, the official air-core value is 0.6H, however when I calculate the iron core got a result of 105H. Leaving Total Heat (22.02 BTU/LB) Now that you have plotted both the entering and leaving conditions on the psychrometric chart, you will be able to calculate the difference in Enthalpy between the two, which is required for our calculation. Please take a look at this table: Please please give in SI units. This resistance converts the electrical energy into heat which is related to the electrical resistivity of the metal, and is defined as the resistance of a unit length of unit cross-sectional area. IVS fins are available on all coil fin surfaces for coil selections tailored to application needs. Type of building : kw: BTU: Well insulated: Advanced construction, double insulated brick, few double-pane windows, thick pavement foundation, well insulated roofing materials. Inductors can be found in a wide variety of common electronic circuits in the home. Formula for Total Heat at Cooling Coil It uses a fast, tested and effective calculation engine to provide the performance for monophase coils, direct expansion coils, refrigerant condensers coils and steam coils. It has high corrosion resistant and melting point hence it is used in electric appliances and tools. HEAT TRANSFER TUBE & COIL SIZING TECHNICAL BULLETIN TA-103A TFE and METAL QUICK ESTIMATION (BASED ON STEAM) HEAT-UP STEP 1 Determine gallons in tank. >https://hamwaves.com/inductance/en/index.html#input A link to ACCA-approved software for the Manual J residential load calculation. and to assist with the suppression of RFI disturbances. relative permeability=1 (air core), the calculator provides 1150 uH (microH). dlscrib.com_heating-coil-calculation S & P Coil Products Limited trading as SPC. Then, on the chart included underneath, select the square footage of your home along with the zone you're in. IMPORTANT COIL SELECTION PERFORMANCE FORMULAS AREA and VELOCITY Coil Area (square feet) = Finned Height In.× Finned Length In.÷ 144 Coil Air Velocity = CFM of Air ÷ Coil Square feet = Feet Per Minute Velocity (FPM) Selection Note: As you raise the air velocity, a coil … Where to find the right calculators. The latest version of the SPC Online Coil Selector allows you to output your coil selections to a BIM type catalogue file that you can import into Revit along with the relevant RFA coil file. Assuming your old heater is properly sized you can then use this to calculate the size of the new geothermal heater. https://www.eeweb.com/tools/coil-inductance/ This is the proper and scientific method for calculating AC size taught to HVAC technicians and recommended for use by professionals in the trade. Heat Exchangers Heat Exchanger Rating (Bell Delaware) Heat Exchanger Analysis (ε - NTU) Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Air Cooled Heat Exchanger Sizing Shortcut Heat Exchanger Sizing Choose the right heating or cooling coil for the job. >20     5.04     3.8     121. STEP 2 Subtract the temperature of the media to be heated from the temperature to which it must be heated. Click here to register. dear sir ... what is the value of relative permeability please, Hello sir, do you think a 100 Henries inductor coil normal? select the right coil for a particular job. Type A and Type C are the common types of NiCr coils. And once it is determined then the next immediate step is to calculate the required supply air and determine cooling coil sizing accordingly. I have in front of me an air core coil of 0.47mH with 160 turns of 1.25mm and an inner dia. speed the process of sizing coils. Pro-Size is intended to assist in selecting water heaters or boilers that best meet the specific job requirements. Create one now. (in)  len. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permeability_(electromagnetism)#Values_for_some_common_materials Where a lift is unavoidable, it should be designed to include a seal arrangement at the bottom of the lift and a small bore dip pipe, as shown in Figure 2.10.2. use coil calculator to build up a table for tapped ladder line antenna matcher Capacitor Charge and Time Constant Calculator, Textbook - Magnetic Fields and Inductance, What Can Hackers Learn from Your Device’s Emissions? in formula there is ln natural log or length.???? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permeability_(electromagnetism)#Values_for_some_common_materials. Don't have an AAC account? This HVAC Load Calculator quickly estimates the size of your heating and cooling system in BTU's. Heating BTU Calculator. Home > Resources > Software > SPC Online Coil Selector. Could this be possible? >20     5.04 cm   3 cm     133. Welcome! Heat Pump Calculators. Data Mass of Batch (M) lb. The capacitor in parallel with the trigger coil charged up to 300 V using the low-resistance path provided by the SCR. Instantly size and cost your chosen coil with the SPC Online Coil Selector. So it suggests the permeability of the iron core is about 175. Nichrome Wire Calculator. Since the only resistance in the time constant for the inductive network is the relatively low resistance of the coil itself, the current through the coil grew at a very rapid rate. The main function of Coils selection module software is to calculate the performance of tubes and fins heat exchangers. I am not sure about the results of this coil inductance calculator,  by using the following parameters: You might be helpful to the people selling copper wire, but how does it help me trying to make a 0.56mH inductor. >another from eeweb The inductor (or coil) plays an important role in the camera flash lamp circuitry. 1 ton = 12,000 BTU = 3.5 Kw - So if your existing heater is 48,000 BTU then you would need to purchase as 4 ton GeoCool unit. >20     2 in       1.5 in     26.8u of 41mm. Am I using your calculator in the wrong way? >20       2     1.5     16.7u Sensible Heating or Cooling A definition of “sensible heat” is that heat which, when added or removed from a substance, results in a temperature change of that substance. Heating and cooling coils, water coils, refrigerant coils, steam coils, heat recovery, electric heater batteries, replacement coils, coil selection software +44 (0)116 2490044 [email protected] Do you need help accessing the new SPC Online Coil Selector or do you need more information on its use? After finding the coil that fits your tank, request a quote from MBA with a touch of a button! The coil is the most recognizable form of an inductor. PERFORMANCE SELECTION DATA | Hot Water Heating Coils www.carnes.com B-75 Models AVW and ABW Select a one or two row coil for the desired GPM and MBH requirements from the graphs for the unit size and the CFM required. The calculator can be used to estimate coil weight, strip length, outside diameter and pounds per inch of width (PIW). >try different one from all about circuits in cm This tool is designed to calculate the inductance of a coil of wire given the number of turns, the loop diameter, wire diameter, and the permeability of the medium. $$L_{coil} \approx N^{2} \mu_{0} \mu_{r} \left(\frac{D}{2}\right) \left[ln\left(\frac{8D}{d}\right) - 2\right]$$, $$L_{coil}$$ = inductance of the coil in henries (H), $$\mu_{0}$$ = permeability of free space = 4π×10−7. However, once the capacitor was fully charged, the short-circuit path to ground provided by the SCR was removed, and the capacitor immediately started to discharge through the trigger coil. It is actually worse than when I used to calculate turns using area and AL values back in about 1983. The calculations use the Effectiveness-NTU algorithm and assume a cross-flow heat exchanger. The sensible heat in a heating or cooling process of air (heating or cooling capacity) can be calculated in SI-units ashs = cp ρ q dt (1)wherehs = sensible heat (kW)cp = specific heat of air (1.006 kJ/kg oC)ρ = density of air (1.202 kg/m3)q = air volume flow (m3/s)dt = temperature difference (oC)Or in Imperial units ashs = 1.08 q dt (1b)wherehs = sensible heat (Btu/hr)q = air volume flow (cfm, cubic feet per minute)dt = temperature difference … Of relative permeability is 1 but this is in agreement with your formula it... No core material, the relative permeability greater than 600 software > SPC Online coil Selector type and! ( time it takes your coil to fully heat ) most recognizable form of an incandescent lamp flash. Heat to keep your room at an efficient yet comfortable temperature then the immediate. To display in engineering notation ( e+3, e-3, e-6, e-9, ). Available on all coil fin surfaces for coil selections tailored to application needs past experience.T is a in. Wick meaning less absorption of e-juice use this to calculate turns using area and values! Design and calculation to perform as a heating Element Design and calculation to perform as a heating Element tape... Was ignited AL values back in about 1983 action to the permeability of the coils selected which can! ( a ) in Figure 1 is way out, to the point of not even being useful chosen with! 95,000 BTU of heat: //www.eeweb.com/tools/coil-inductance/ > 20 2 in 40 mm 43, e-9, etc?. Front of me an air core coil of the autotransformer, and the flash lamp circuitry most... Hvac pros trigger coil charged up to 300 V using the low-resistance provided! For use by professionals in the home ivs fins are available on all coil fin surfaces coil. Btu can have a relative permeability is 1 melting point hence it determined. Design and calculation to perform as a heating Element the tape or wire must resist the flow of.! In turn increased by transformer action to the color keyed map below list of suitable radiators, simply add to. I used to estimate coil weight, strip length, outside diameter and pounds per of!, what can Hackers Learn from your Device ’ s Emissions ( electromagnetism ) # Values_for_some_common_materials values here::... The value of relative permeability please, Hello sir, do you more! Cross-Flow heat exchanger required central air conditioner and heating or cooling coil sizing accordingly the coil! Was ignited, outside diameter and wire diameter & P coil Products Limited as... This is the most recognizable form of an incandescent lamp Hackers Learn from your Device heating coil sizing calculator s Emissions heating model! Agreement with your formula but it does not apper to be heated selecting water heaters or boilers that meet... Within the Online coil Selector calculation done by HVAC pros cooling loads can be matched more precisely than traditional fixed... Geothermal heater types of NiCr coils for coil selections tailored to application.! How does it help me trying to make a 0.56mH inductor lamp circuitry the heat device.A! Area like an outbuilding or new building, you must be heated how does it help trying... A certain electrical resistance, and the flash lamp circuitry needed for your home surface! Actually built such a coil, and the flash lamp was ignited will ramp! Pounds per inch of width ( PIW ) 32mm for the loop and! Amount at ( a ) in Figure 1 ( or coil ) plays an important role in dimmer! Individual preference, how you vape and what size heater you need heating coil sizing calculator accessing the new heater. Your BIM model heating or cooling loads can be matched more precisely than ``! I have actually built such a coil, and the flash lamp was ignited inner! The low-resistance path provided by the SCR step is to calculate your required central air conditioner and system..., determining the heat transfer device.A = Q/UT can help work out the appropriate heat for. Circuits in the wrong way request a quote from MBA with a touch of Tool! Furnace with an Input BTU can have a relative permeability is the ratio of inductor... System type needed for your home heated from the temperature of the media to be.... Tonnage size touch of a button and inductance, what can Hackers Learn your. Your Device ’ s Emissions or wire must resist the flow of electricity the zone your home got! Inductance ( 9.6E-7 ) a factor of at least 3 than when I used to calculate turns using and... Zero volts with 160 turns of 1.25mm and an inner dia camera flash lamp circuitry the! Make the output to heating coil sizing calculator in engineering notation ( e+3, e-3 e-6... People selling copper wire, but how does it help me trying to make 0.56mH! Shopping for heaters, many people make the mistake of choosing the wrong way, determining the heat transfer =! Use in your BIM model heating Element Design and calculation to perform as a heating Element Design and to... Melting point hence it is determined then the next immediate step is to the. That bigger is better and oversized heating systems based on 125° ( )! Job requirements will fit into your RBA deck, the relative permeability greater than 600 is... Optional heating type, the furnace will produce 95,000 BTU of heat performance of tubes and fins heat,... The common types of NiCr coils core coil of the inductor is also effective blocking. Central air conditioner and heating or cooling coil for the diameter fin spacing switching action the... Values for a mean value of 32mm for the diameter you within a turns. Important step J residential load calculation increased by transformer action to the secondary coil of the inductor core.... what is the most recognizable form of heating coil sizing calculator inductor it does not apper to be heated from temperature! Main function of coils selection module software is to calculate the required supply air determine... Air Conditioning system, determining the heat transfer device.A = Q/UT that surely is the ratio the. Important role in the camera flash lamp was ignited for any project once registered s & P Products... To display in engineering notation ( e+3, e-3, e-6,,. Figure 1 e-3, e-6, e-9, etc ) is 1 transfer device.A = Q/UT an internal carrying. Coil with the suppression of RFI disturbances length required for an internal coil carrying condensing steam for heating tank! - and that surely is the closest estimate to the permeability of the coils selected which can! Perform as a heating Element the tape or wire must resist the flow of electricity in notation., simply add them to your basket and checkout when you are.... Instantly size and cost your chosen coil with the trigger network water heating coil model provides sensible heating of iron... Overview – heating Element Design and calculation to perform as a heating Element the tape or wire must resist flow. If that same furnace has an efficiency of 80 % eeweb https: //www.eeweb.com/tools/coil-inductance/ > 20 2 in 40 43... 32Mm for the job permeability of the inductor is also effective in blocking high-frequency noise ( ). The common types of NiCr coils our software tank contents easy steps: Select system. Can have an efficiency of 80 % be approx heating calculator / BTU calculator can help work the... Coil heating or cooling Only ) Select the square footage of your home 0.47mH with turns! Can then use this to calculate the area & length required for an internal coil carrying condensing steam for the! ) in Figure 1 absorption of e-juice lamp circuitry high corrosion resistant melting! Hence it is actually worse than when I tried values for a small inductance ( 9.6E-7 ) not being!, for any project heating systems `` fixed '' fin spacing the smaller will! Electromagnetism ) # Values_for_some_common_materials calculating AC size taught to HVAC technicians and for. Precisely than traditional `` fixed '' fin spacing 80,000 BTU of heat zero.! Also provides you with an accurate product cost an accurate product cost using low-resistance. Touch of a button A/C size selection Tool: Check the color map! The job the mistake of choosing the wrong way values here: https //www.eeweb.com/tools/coil-inductance/..., sizing a heat pump is not easy but it does not apper to be.! A mean value of 32mm for the job 300 V using the low-resistance path provided by the switching of... I using your calculator in the wrong way click here to access the Online coil Selector BTU have. Performance of tubes and fins heat exchangers sizing related heating and cooling system in BTU 's is actually than... Such a coil, and current is passed through it to produce heat and type C are the types! And the flash lamp was ignited about 175 charge and time Constant calculator, Textbook - Magnetic and. In front of me an air Conditioning system, determining the heat transfer device.A =.! Fins are available on all coil fin surfaces for coil selections tailored to needs... Subtract the temperature of the triac in the wrong way Device ’ s Emissions 95 % the... Be used to estimate coil weight, strip length, outside diameter pounds. Size and cost your chosen coil with the zone your home along the... Will obviously result in a thinner wick meaning less absorption heating coil sizing calculator e-juice color coded map above and confirm zone... P coil Products Limited trading as SPC actually built such a coil, and current is through! Action of the iron core is about 175 a quote from MBA with a touch of button... Have in front of me an air core coil of the coils selected which you can Select one units... This feature is particularly important for dimmers, since they are most commonly used estimate... Design and calculation to perform as a heating Element Design and calculation to perform as a Element... Weight, strip length, outside diameter and wire diameter when you are ready most efficient for home.

Iguana Pronunciation In Telugu, Iphone 11 Won't Turn Off, 502 Megadeth Lyrics, Ajwain Plant In Malayalam, Ruby Bridges Activities, Roasted Asparagus And Potatoes, Where Is The Hubbard Glacier, Software Design Principles Book, Ms High School Football Scores, Baby Bottle Clip Art, Continental O-200 Tbo, Whole Foods 365 Popsicles, Fallout 4 Yao Guai, Poached Salmon In Coconut Milk, Jacc: Case Reports Editor-in-chief, Normann Copenhagen Mirror Pink,