. . It was essential that the Levitical priests be able to prove their ancestry (cf. The recognition of one priest is as essential to true religion as the recognition of one king. The Jewish writers supposed him to have been Shem (see Gill), or Enoch, or Job. Melchizedek stands discrete on the pages of history, appearing only for a brief instant! Retail: $17.99. "Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews". Dean Alford’s remark that it is “almost childish” to suppose that nothing more than this is intended, arises from imperfect familiarity with the methods of Rabbinic and Alexandrian exegesis. I.S.V. Rather, the record about Melchizedek is so arranged that it brings out certain truths, that apply far more fully to Jesus than they do to Melchizedek. “He stood alone.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Without father, without mother, without genealogy, ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, William Newell's Commentary on Romans and Revelation, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. It is not necessary to adduce proof of the care with which inquiry was made into the parentage of the Jewish priests (Nehemiah 7:64): in their marriages they were subject to strict restraints (Leviticus 21:13-14); their statement of pedigree (in which was given the name not of father only, but also of every mother) must be complete, ascending to Aaron, and containing no doubtful link. Melchisedec is presented to us without reference to any human qualifications for office. KJV, Thinline Bible, Compact, Cloth over Board, Purple. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". g.]— μένει, remains) The positive for the negative in respect of Melchisedec: he remains and lives, Hebrews 7:8 : i.e. "When nothing is recorded of the parentage of this Prayer of Manasseh , it is not necessarily to be assumed that he had no parents but simply that the absence of the record is significant. These three words found only here. 1835. "All thy commandments are righteousness" (Psalm 119:172). Scripture says no man has ever seen the Father (John 1:18, 5:37), but Abraham saw Melchizedek. As the Scripture is silent as to his reception of the office, so also as to any transmission of it to another. See below. He was without father and mother. He cannot be God the Father, but rather, "made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually" (Hebrews 7:3). Hebrews 11 What it means to trust God. The verb does not come till Hbr 7:3, "abideth." This statement, directly resting upon the preceding clause, is that towards which the whole sentence (Hebrews 7:1; Hebrews 7:3) has been tending. And that is true only of GOD deity, not humanity! of whom neither father, nor mother, nor pedigree stands recorded in Holy Scripture. Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he remains a priest perpetually. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". Preview. The principle of supporting the ministers of God's work is still in force in the New Testament church (Matthew 10:8-10; 24:14; 28:19-20; Mark 16:15; I Corinthians 9:13-14). This shows that God had a purpose in leaving out all record of Melchisedec's family, namely, so that he would appear in that sense to be like that "other priest" who actually was not to have any descendants. The priesthood has been conferred on Christ, now our High Priest "according to the order of Melchizedek" (Hebrews 6:20). Personally and humanly, Jesus had a mother, the blessed Virgin. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". Melchizedek Blesses Abram, by Walter Rane. He has a lonely conspicuity similar to that of Melchizedek; a standing unlike that of any other priest. ... beginning of days, nor end ... abideth ... continually," belong. See also Charles P. Baylis, "The Author of Hebrews" Use of Melchizedek from the Context of, "The idea of basing exegesis on silence is familiar in Philo"s writings and would not in itself have seemed strange to Jewish readers. ", Ch. Such an oracle as that of Psalms 110:4 must yield up to him its full significance. In a Greek tragedy “Ion” calls himself “motherless” when he supposes that his mother is a slave (Eurip. John 17:17 In this verse is a mystical description of the eternity of Christ’s person and priesthood, set out by the Spirit in the silence and omission of things that concerned Melchisedec and his glory; so that what here is represented to be typically and in shadow, that was Christ really and substantially; for he gives no account of his father, mother, genealogy, birth, or death; the Spirit either not revealing it to him, or ordering him to leave it out, that he might appear the more lively and perfect type of Christ, being represented in all things different from all the men that ever were, or shall be: such a priest therefore as he was, was Christ to be; not deriving his priesthood from any by birth, nor leaving it to any after him. dissertation, Dallas Theological Seminary, 1989); and Lane, pp164 , 166.]. In the verses before us, Melchizedek is said to be like "unto the Son of God," and that Christ is after the likeness of Melchizedek (Hebrews 7:14), indicating clearly that Christ must be understood as the antitype of Melchizedek, making all the things of Melchizedek's life typical of certain things in the life of Jesus Christ. Go to. The expression explains the writer’s meaning. 1897. Note, too, that this man was King of peace. And notice that the order of Christ's Priesthood is named after Melchizedek. He it like the Son of God. 7 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2 and to him Abraham apportioned a tenth part of everything. 2012. 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Neither beginning… nor end— Some one has said, that when an infant dies it remains to the parent an infant forever. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. The mention of this particular may seem to have no hearing on the type, unless a contrast he intended to the Jewish Priests who were descended from Elisheba the wife of Aaron (Exodus 6:23). ... Hebrews 7:3 NIV Hebrews 7:3 NLT Hebrews 7:3 ESV Hebrews 7:3 NASB Hebrews 7:3 KJV Hebrews 7:3 Bible Apps Hebrews 7:3 Biblia Paralela Hebrews 7:3 Chinese Bible Hebrews 7:3 French Bible Hebrews 7:3 German Bible Alphabetical: a beginning but days end father forever genealogy God having he life … https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/hebrews-7.html. Since the tithing law predates the Levitical priesthood, and is thus still in force, tithes are now to be given to Jesus Christ, our High Priest, for use by the church. Peace as the Proper Environment for Righteousness. No human being could be King of Peace. Consequently most commentators have adopted a metaphorical interpretation of what the writer said of him here. Appian (De Bell. μένει ἱερεὺς εἶς τὸ διηνεκές] remains priest for ever, in that, as of his end of life so also of the cessation of his priesthood, nothing is recorded. μήτε ἀρχὴν ἡμερῶν κ.τ.λ. 4) says of Julius Cæsar that he was created Dictator εἰς τὸ διηνεκές, permanent Dictator. The narrative of Genesis was the basis of the prophecy; all that the history presented was taken up in the Psalm. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. 'The portrait of a living man can be seen on the canvas, yet the man is very different from his picture.' The beginning of the days of Melchisedec and the end of life are all kept from the record for the purpose of carrying out the type, and it is to be understood on the same principle as "without descent" explained above. Melchisedek was the highest and last representative of the Noachic covenant, as Christ was the highest and ever-enduring representative of the Abrahamic. And no wonder. He who is a priest “like Melchizedek” holds a priesthood that rests on no such rights or claims. Hebrews 7:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 7:3, NIV: "Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever." εἰς τὸ διηνεκές is not precisely “for ever,” but “for a continuance,” or permanence. Josephus and some of the most learned fathers (Hippolytus, Eusebius, &c.), and many of the ablest modern commentators, rightly hold that he was neither more nor less than what Moses tells us that he was—the Priest-King of a little Canaanite town, to whom, because he acted as a Priest of the True God, Abraham gave tithes; and whom his neighbours honoured because he was not sensual and turbulent as they were, but righteous and peaceful, not joining in their wars and raids, yet mingling with them in acts of mercy and kindness. The Jewish interpreters naturally looked on the passage about Melchisedek as full of deep significance because the Psalmist in the 110th Psalm, which was universally accepted as a Psalm directly Messianic (Matthew 22:44), had found in Melchisedek a Priest-King, who, centuries before Aaron, had been honoured by their great ancestor, and who was therefore a most fitting type of Him who was to be “a Priest upon his Throne.” The fact that he had no recorded father, mother, or lineage enhanced his dignity, because the Aaronic priesthood depended exclusively on the power to prove direct descent from Aaron, which necessitated a most scrupulous care in the preservation of the priestly genealogies. For yet a very little while, He that cometh shall come, and shall not tarry. The meaning of this clause is exactly the same as that of the last—namely that neither the birth nor death of Melchisedek is recorded, which makes him all the more fit to be a type of the Son of God. Scripture quoted by permission. a. None can be righteous but God—or one made righteous by God's power—Christ in a person! 1:6: "When He (God) again bringeth in the Firstborn into the world. . Here for instance though the reference is to one person, the attribute implied by the participle is ascribed only in conception. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/hebrews-7.html. He must not have been an ordinary mortal. Young's Main Hebrews: A Commentary (The New Testament Library) Hebrews: A Commentary (The New Testament Library) Luke Timothy Johnson. BibliographyHaldane, Robert. Moreover this was particularly remarkable in the Book of Genesis where the genealogy of all the leading characters is given, and where they form the framework of the Book, as Ewald has observed. Now in regard to his parents the Scripture is silent, and it was not the intention of the Holy Ghost by the Apostle to add to the information already given. Some people have stumbled on the statement that Melchizedek has no "end of life." It was very important in the estimation of the Jews that the line of their priesthood should be carefully kept; that their genealogies should be accurately marked and preserved; and that their direct descent from Aaron should be susceptible of easy and certain proof. The father and mother of Melchisedek, as also his children, were not descended from Levi, as the Levitical priests (Hebrews 7:6) were required to be; and are not even mentioned by Moses. He pertained to another tribe; Hebrews 7:14. "Days" mean his time of discharging his function. If no record is given of the death or replacement of Melchisedec, then logically his priesthood was continous. king. Amplified® But he gives the sense well: “If he had had in history, as doubtless he had in fact, a successor in office, we should have said of him, that he was the priest of Salem in the days of Abraham. With the latter, these truths are simply a matter of record; but with Jesus they are not only historically true, they also have significant spiritual dimensions. Without descent; there is no line of him described in the Scripture, mentioning from whence he descended, or by what genealogy he came to the priesthood, as the Aaronites did clear their right, Nehemiah 7:64. for Christ himself was not without a Father according to his divinity, nor without a Mother in his humanity; but because his genealogy is not given in Genesis, as of the other patriarchs is, but he is abruptly introduced without any mention of either his birth or death. II. ", Ch. Therefore He has always existed from eternity! Hebrews 10:12; Hebrews 10:14. Limiting our knowledge of Melchizedek to what Moses specifically stated, this first priest mentioned in Scripture had no parents or children and no birth or death. It was not destined to be superseded by another. He is without father or mother, appearing out of the darkness without ancestors or successors; without pedigree either immediate or remote; owing his priesthood, therefore, and dignities to no connection with priests on his father’s side or even on his mother’s: his is a priesthood purely personal, and not to be traced to natural descent or hereditary claim. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/hebrews-7.html. A.S.V. The words, "Without father, etc. It does not terminate! It is the High Priest's name that is placed upon an order just as Aaron's name was upon the Aaronic priesthood. The personal importance of Melchisedek was very small; but he is eminently typical, because of the suddenness with which he is introduced into the sacred narrative, and the subsequent silence respecting him. 2:5: "Not unto angels did He subject the world to come, whereof we speak. Thus Melchizedek was then High Priest, in Paul's day, and even now, and He will rule forever! The high priest succeeded on the day of his predecessor"s decease. Hebrews 7:1-3 The doctrine is even more popular than the opposite extreme, forgiveness without sacrifice and without priest. Yet Melchizedek cannot be God the Father. ", Ch. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. 10:36-7: "For ye have need of patience, that having done the will of God, ye may receive the promise. Or did the inspired imagination of the psalmist, seeing the facts as incidentally narrated, group them into form? There are even few of the Levitical priests whose mothers are mentioned in Scripture; but yet their Levitical sanctity (as to their wives) is universally enjoined, Leviticus 21:13-14; and, at all events, the wife of Aaron, from whom all the priests are descended, is mentioned, Exodus 6:23 : and Sarah, the wife of Abraham himself, Isaiah 51:2.— μήτε ἀρχὴν, nor beginning) The eternity of the Son of God is intimated.— ἔχων, having) with Moses, who nevertheless relates the death of Aaron.— ἡμερῶν, of days) It was not so suitable to say, the beginning of life or the end of days, Hebrews 7:16, where power is mentioned along with life.— ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, but made like to the Son of GOD) δὲ, but, properly has respect to the opposition between the negatives, which precede, and the positive, which follows, and takes the former for granted. des Hebräerbr. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". And the way of peace have they not known.". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". (See Isaiah 53:8; Acts 8:33.) b. unto the Son of God, abideth a priest continually. File: PDF, 2.12 MB. The Apostle does not affirm this was absolutely so, but that it is thus that Melchizedek appears on the background of early history. This does not mean that Melchizedek's records of birth were lost. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/hebrews-7.html. So the eternity in Psalms 110:4 is that of the priestly office chiefly. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain. Save for later. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. 9:11: "But Christ having come a High Priest of the good things to come. ", Ch. Then it denotes one who is born after the death of his father; then one whose father is unknown - “spurious. The sins of others, especially of our relations, should be warnings to us. BibliographyZerr, E.M. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". But to provoke God, when he is letting us see that we entirely depend and live upon him, is a provocation indeed. There was no “record” made of the name either of his father, his mother, or any of his posterity. It is enough to say that he probably represents a royal worshipper of the true God, the head of his race, before as yet the primitive worship had become corrupt, and before there had arisen any need for selecting a particular family as the depositary and the guard of the Divine will. “Such a comparison is decisive against attributing these characteristics to Melchisedek in a real sense. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Hebrews 7:3: Leviticus 27:30-33 John 17:17 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:2 : Hebrews 7:4 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Introduction. He appears in the Scripture as a royal priest executing his office, and there he remains a remarkable type of the Son of God whose priesthood is everlasting. The mistaken rendering “without descent” is ancient, for in consequence of it Irenaeus claims Melchisedek as one who had lived a celibate life (which in any case would not follow). This shows they were two separate persons, but were like unto each other in certain respects. ... Hebrews 7:3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. His genealogy is not recorded, so essential in the case of Aaron"s sons (Nehemiah 7:64). The divine words are not to be measured by the meaning which man may at first assign to them. But it holds good in its strict meaning from Christ. When Alford denies that Melchisedek was made like the Son of God as to his priesthood, on the ground that Melchisedek was prior to our Lord, he forgets that Christ's eternal priesthood was an archetypal reality in God's purpose from everlasting, to which Melchisedek's priesthood was "made like" in time. Hebrews 7:6. he whose descent is not counted from them—not from "the sons of Levi," as those "who receive the priesthood." "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". What in the type means no record, meant in the antitype no existence. Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. Aaron's priesthood terminated at his death, and his son replaced him as high priest. The way in which he is like the Son of God has to do with the fact of his priesthood. He does not make it (as the Jews do) in any way a type of the shewbread and libations; or an offering characteristic of his Priesthood; nor does he make him (as Philo does) offer any sacrifice at all. The hardening of the heart is the spring of all other sins. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/hebrews-7.html. The Son of GOD is not said to be made like to Melchisedec, but the contrary (vice versa); for the Son of GOD is more ancient, and is the archetype; comp. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. received—Greek, "hath received tithes." Human self-righteousness is, before God, as filthy rags. Yet, in the days when the Apostle Paul lived and wrote, shortly after Jesus ascended to heaven as High Priest, the scripture states that even then Melchizedek "abideth"—which means does now abide—"a priest continually." 7:3 Without father, without mother, without pedigree - Recorded, without any account of his descent from any ancestors of the priestly order. Melchizedek was “a great Old Testament high priest, prophet, and leader who lived after the flood and during the time of Abraham. Melchizedek the Priest - This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. The wife of Aaron, Elisheba, the mother from whom the Levitical priests spring, is mentioned; as also Sarah, the mother of the Jewish nation itself. Melchisedec has no such dates recorded; he had neither beginning of days nor end of life. Compare all, Since God names individuals what they are, that, then is what this man is: "King of Righteousness.". It never grows old, but is ever the same image of infancy. Bible Gateway Recommends. The feeling that the most startling of the expressions here used must surely be intended to point to more than the silence of Scripture on certain points, is not at all unnatural; but perhaps it is not too much to say that every such difficulty is removed by the consideration that here the writer is simply analysing the thought of the inspired Psalmist. Bishop Wordsworth quotes “Who shall declare His generation?” which however is not the meaning of the Hebrew. From the fact that Gain’s death is nowhere recorded in Genesis, Philo draws the lesson that evil never dies among the human race; and he calls Sarah “motherless” because her mother is nowhere mentioned. 1896. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). Finding the new version too difficult to understand? God made many other persons eminent types of his Son, but Melchisedec was the only type of the eternity of his royal priesthood; for which the Holy Ghost singled him out, dropped him down, as it were, from above, and then took him up again, without any further account of him in the Scripture, that he might convey this mystery to us. Finally, Hebrews 7:15 states that Jesus is a priest “after the similitude [likeness] of Melchizedek,” not that he actually was Melchizedek. Notice Paul's own inspired interpretation of this fact: "Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life" (Hebrews 7:3). Thus it is not that Melchizedek sets the pattern and Jesus follows it. Without father and without mother means he did not obtain his priesthood from his ancestors as did the Levitical priests ( Exodus 29:29-30; Numbers 20:28). Scipio said scornfully to the mob of the Forum “St! This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. But there is no indication elsewhere in Scripture that he was anything but a human being. And so the image of this king-priest, as seen in the divine tableau, is not born, and never dies. "What was true of Melchizedek simply as a matter of record was true of Christ in a fuller and more literal sense. Hebrews 7:3 King James Version (KJV) 3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. International Bible Lesson Commentary Hebrews 7:1-3 & 18-28 (Hebrews 7:1) For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; What we know about Melchizedek from the Old Testament can be found only in Genesis 14:18-20 and Psalms 110:4. It is morally certain, however, that the apostle did not use the word here in either of the senses, for there is no evidence that Melchizedek was “fatherless” in any of these respects. In this way he was made like unto the Son of God. 3. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". As man, Christ had no father; as God, no mother. Others, ancient and modem, think he was the Son of God Himself—an opinion untenable, inconsistent alike with the Psalm and with the entire teaching of this Epistle. Ch. 1832. It is the permanence of the Melchisedek priesthood on which stress is laid. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Not equal, but like! Isaiah 53:8; compare Hebrews 7:12,15. A vital principle to remember concerning the Old and New Covenants is that what did not originate with the Old Covenant did not die with it. 56.). . The reader should carefully notice that the apostle describes Melchisedec, the type, in terms which, in the full meaning, hold good only of Christ the great antitype. Jesus Himself said: "There is none good but one, that is, God" (Matthew 19:17). Language: english. It is a combination of the passage in Genesis with the allusion in Psalms 110, shewing that the two together constitute Melchisedek a Divinely appointed type of a Priesthood received from no ancestors and transmitted to no descendants. The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Abideth a priest continually— One thousand years after this king-priest lived, the inspired psalmist contemplated the tableau, and there beheld him still, a priest forever. College Press, Joplin, MO. Made like unto—The group of traits are seen to frame an image and likeness in shadow of the Son of God. As to Christ, who shall declare his generation, or produce the lineal roll by which he claimeth the priesthood? Hebrews Commentary James Rosscup - This dispensationally oriented work is not verse-by-verse, but deals with the exposition on a broader scale, treating blocks of thought within the chapters. And there it is! He was not born as human beings are. The last tenet was the distinguishing mark of a sect bearing the name of Melchizedekians in the third century. 1 This is what it means to trust God: We will be sure about the things that we hope for. We only know that he lived, and thus he is a fitting type of One Who lives continually. He was probably of Shemitic, not Canaanite origin: the last independent representative of the original Shemitic population, which had been vanquished by the Canaanites, Ham's descendants. "E.W. 9:28: "Christ ... shall appear a second time, apart from sin, to them that wait for Him, unto salvation. 1897-1910. Contrary to many cherished man-thought-out ideas, Melchizedek and Christ are one and the same! Without father, without mother, — No more is intended by this, in the opinion of most of the great expositors than to observe, that the father and mother of Melchisedec are no where mentioned, nor are they pretended to be known; nor is any hint of his family taken notice of in the scriptures which speak of him. He had no descent or pedigree from another, but was self-existent. And at the same time Christ was, is today, and shall be forever High Priest! It is, therefore, good only for our author’s argument. Without father ... - explained by 'without genealogy' or 'descent' (cf. Made like - not that he was absolutely "like:" made like, in the particulars here specified. In Melchisedech all was prophetical and figurative of Jesus Christ; and Abraham undoubtedly in this patriarch saw Jesus Christ in spirit, and exulted that all the nations of the earth were to be blessed in him. ", [Note: Morris, pp63 , 64. ", Ch. Hebrews 7:3. A FEW PRELIMINARY words may be useful, before we consider the chapter in its details. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. Alford objects, that language so strong as “neither beginning of days nor end of life,” is unsatisfactorily accounted for by the birth and life not being mentioned; he even styles this exposition “childish;” and he thinks there must be some mysterious literal fulfilment which he admits to be above explanation. All sacrifices are superseded, by the sacrifice of the cross, and all priesthoods by the priesthood of our Lord. ", Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 7 Hbr 7:1-28. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. "The Son of God" is not said to be made like Melchisedek, but Melchisedek to be "made like unto the Son of God." Horace calls himself “a man nullis majoribus ortus” (Hor. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. THE PARALLEL SUPERIORITIES OF MELCHIZEDEK AND CHRIST OVER AARON MAY BE REPRESENTED BY THE FOLLOWING TABULATION:—. (See Genesis 10:1-32.) Men know not the way of peace. The former has no such real importance as the latter in human history. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". F. B. Hole. No mention is made of his birth or death, of his inauguration to his office or of his retirement from it. In the Alexandrian School, to which (whether he was Apollos or not) the writer of this Epistle belonged, the custom of allegorising Scripture had received an immense development, and the silence of Scripture was regarded as the suggestion of mysterious truths. That which hath no beginning nor end of it recorded, is as abiding for ever; which this type had not, and so fully sets out the truth designed to be conveyed by it. Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life - Mentioned by Moses. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/hebrews-7.html. As the case stands, he is the priest of Salem.”. (3) Without father, without mother, without descent.—The last words, “without descent” (or rather, without genealogy), throw light on the meaning of those which precede. Not because we find no mention of the parents of Melchizedek is he thus spoken of as fatherless and motherless, but because he is suddenly introduced as priest, without any token whatever that he held the office by right of genealogy, the only claim familiar to Hebrew readers. N.A.S.B. Further the Jews mystically applied the same sort of rule which holds in legal matters which says “that things not producible are regarded as non-existent.” Hence their kabbalistic interpretation of particulars not mentioned in Scripture. This priest has no genealogical successor or predecessor. The meaning is that Melchizedek's priesthood does not derive from these things which were so important to the Aaronic priesthood. But here Melchizedek had no genealogy. Hebrews 7:3, ESV: "He is without father or mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever." No one of his ancestors is mentioned as a priest; and as a priest he has no descendants, and no followers. Impossible! The conclusion is inescapable. Luke 7:33, ἐλήλυθεν Ἰωάννης μήτε ἐσθίων … μήτε πίνων. Hebrews 7:4. All human beings have sinned and broken that law of righteousness (Romans 3:23). Hebrews 7:3 in all English translations. It was not possible for Christ to be held by death (Acts 2:24). The reply is, that no such isolated trait could possess any typical significance. ἀμήτωρ. 1905. "What was true of Melchizedek simply as a matter of record was true of Christ in a fuller and more literal sense. The Mystery of Melchizedek Solved! This is the usual interpretation of the words, which has been the prevalent one in … Compare Hebrews 8:5, where the heavenly things are represented as the primary archetype of the Levitical ordinances. It would then have been not only inexplicable, but meaningless, that in all Scripture he should only have been incidentally mentioned in three verses of a perfectly simple and straightforward narrative, and only once again alluded to in the isolated reference of a Psalm written centuries later. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/hebrews-7.html. HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series. Hebrews 7:3. [Note: Morris, pp63 , 64. But He is now eternally self-existing. They contend that since Christ died, He had an end of life! It is from the Greek word AGENEALOGETOS which Thayer defines as follows: "Of whose descent there is no account." The terms used are wide and sweeping, and while the Targums and Philo, and modern commentators, find no difficulty in the explanations given above of the phrases ‘without father or mother or genealogy,’ a deeper meaning is not without its attractions, especially when the words are applied to the great antitype Christ ‘Without father,’ it has been thought, may refer to the fact that Christ had no earthly father and no Divine mother (answering to His higher nature), while the later expressions, ‘without beginning of days or end of life,’ are descriptive, they think, of Him whose going forth are from everlasting, and who, though He died, conquered death, and has taken the nature He assumed into union with His essential eternity. The likeness of Melchisedec to the Son of God refers both to the former and the latter; but it is also more directly connected with the latter, because it has more reference to the purpose in hand. But “Christ as God has no mother, as man no Father.” The primitive Church neither used nor sanctioned the name Θεοτόκος “Mother of God” as applied to the Virgin Mary. The argument that precedes our text in Hebrews is to show that if Melchizedek is "without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever" (7:3). The gist of the argument in Hebrews 7 is that, since the Levitical priesthood has no authority under the New Covenant, the ritual laws pertaining to the priesthood are no longer valid. This verse explains "without descent" (Greek, "genealogy" in both verses, Hebrews 7:3). It has been maintained that he was the Son of God Himself, or the Holy Spirit,—an angel or a Power of God. Ἀπάτωρ, ἀμήτωρ, ἀγενεαλόγητος] without father, without mother, without pedigree, i.e. He who needs not, as the Levitical priests, to be able to trace his genealogy back to Levi. With Melchisedek the priesthood and worship of the true God in Canaan ceased. He is thus the type of a priest who shall in his single person discharge for ever all priestly functions. But the apostle says that there was no such genealogical table in regard to Melchizedek. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/hebrews-7.html. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. As a sacrifice and the Lamb of God, he had his time of entrance into the world, and of his leaving it; yet, as God’s Priest, he had neither beginning nor end of days. ", Ch. The Aaronic priests are successively dying. Having neither beginning of days, nor end life: Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges. That Jesus was the person prophesied of in the 110th Psalm; which psalm the Jews uniformly understood as predicting the Messiah. If that be true then Christ is still dead! BibliographyEdwards, Justin. Hebrews 7:3. 11:40: "God having provided some better thing concerning us, that apart from us they (the O.T. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Melchizedek and Christ are one and the same Person! Why? "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". “The permanent character of the priesthood is here described, not its actual duration” (Rendall). * [5:2] Deal patiently: the Greek word metriopathein occurs only here in the Bible; this term was used … 1860, VI. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (3) Without father, without mother, without descent. The fact that some of these notions about him may plead the authority of great names is no more than can be said of thousands of the absolute, and even absurd, misinterpretations in the melancholy history of slowly-corrected errors which passes under the name of Scripture exegesis. 1871-8. ἀγενεαλόγητος. Comp. Hebrews 7:1-3. A genealogical successor pushes his predecessor out of office and out of life. Aaron's end is recorded; Melchisedek's, not. Hebrews 7:3. ἀπάτωρ, ἀμήτωρ, ἀγενεαλόγητος, without father, without mother, without genealogy [descent]) The parents, ancestors, children, posterity of Melchisedec are not descended from Levi, as was required to be the case with the Levites, Hebrews 7:6, and they are not even mentioned by Moses; and this silence is full of mystery, which is immediately unfolded. Abideth a priest continually: these words are the key to all the description before. Read Romans 3:10 and 17: "There is none righteous, no, not one. This was true of him apparently, as it was true of Christ actually. It is the function of the High Priest to lead the way to salvation. How much force would he have added to the typology if he had ventured to treat these gifts as prophecies of the Eucharist, as some of the Fathers do! https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/hebrews-7.html. Origen regarded Melchisedec as the incarnation of an angel; Bleek thinks that the writer shared a supposed Jewish opinion that he was called into existence miraculously and miraculously withdrawn, then abiding a priest for ever. He remains so in the reality of his office, but only as a figure and type of Christ. BibliographySchaff, Philip. continually. "It is when the writer bases his exposition on the silence of Scripture that his method of exegesis seems strangest to modern readers. He was first and last king-priest there, until Christ, the antitype; therefore his priesthood is said to last forever, because it lasts as long as the nature of the thing (namely, his life, and the continuance of God's worship in Canaan) admits. Send-to-Kindle or Email . Since Moses did not record Melchizedek"s death, this writer could say that he continued as a priest forever, another respect in which he was like Jesus Christ. 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